Research, children an ethics: an ongoing dialogue
ResumoThe United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child was a crucial moment that changed children’s status in both society and in research. Nevertheless, if on the one hand children’s competence has been recurrently challenged by the dominant discourse of developmental psychology; on the other hand children have demonstrated themselves to be very helpful in helping researchers to understand the complexities enclosed in their contemporary life experiences.The recognition of children as social actors, followed by the upsurge in empirical interest in childhood, raises new ethical discussions, dilemmas and responsibilities for researchers that need further discussion and reflection.In accordance with this, this text gives an overview of key ethic decisions that were carefully considered along a qualitative study: access to children; protecting children’s privacy and confidentiality, managing power in adult-child relationship, building trust, entering children’s space
Alderson, P. (1993). Children's Consent to Surgery. Buckingham; Philadelphia: Open University Press.
Alderson, P. (2001). Research by children: rights and methods. International Journal of Social Research Methodology: Theory and Practice, 4(2), 139-153.
Balen, R. (2006). Involving Children in Health and Social Research: 'Human becomings' or 'active beings'? Childhood, 13(1), 29-48. doi: 10.1177/0907568206059962
Bond, E. (2014). Childhood, mobile technologies and everyday experiences - changing technologies = changing childhoods? : Palgrave macmillan.
Boyden, J., & Ennew, J. (1997). Children in focus: a manual for participatory research with children. Stockholm: Radda Barnen.
Burke, R. H. (2005). An introduction to Criminological theory (2nd edition ed.): Willan Publishing.
Christensen, P., & Prout, A. (2002). Working with Ethical Symmetry in Social Research with Children. Childhood, 9(4), 477-497. doi: 10.1177/0907568202009004007
Clark, W., & Luckin, R. (2013). What the research says: iPads in the classroom. London: London Knowledge Lab, Institute of Education, University of London.
Coyne, I. (2010). Accessing children as research participants: Examining the role of gatekeepers. Child: Care, Health and Development, 36(4), 452-454.
Coyne, I., Hayes, E., & Gallagher, P. (2009). Research With Hospitalized Children: Ethical, methodological and organizational challenges. Childhood, 16(3), 413-429. doi: 10.1177/0907568209335319
Davie, R., Upton, G., & Varma, V. e. (1996). The Voice of the Child: A Handbook for Professionals. London: Falmer Press.
Denzin, N., & Lincoln, Y. (Eds.). (1994). Handbook of qualitative research. California: SAGE.
Doyle, S. (2013). Reflexivity and the capacity to think. Qualitative Health Research, 23(2), 248-255. doi: 10.1177/1049732312467854
Duncombe, J., & Jessop, J. (2002). 'Doing rapport' and the ethics of 'faking friendship'. In M. Mauthner, M. Birch, J. Jessop, & T. Miller (Eds.), Ethics in qualitative research (pp. 107-122): SAGE Publications.
Fernandes, N. (2005). Infância e direitos: participação das crianças nos contextos de vida: representações, práticas e poderes. (Doctoral), Universidade do Minho, http://hdl.handle.net/1822/6978.
Freeman, M. (2007). Why It Remains Important to Take Children's Rights Seriously. The International Journal of Children's Rights, 15(1), 5-23. doi: 10.1163/092755607x181711
Gillick v West Norfolk and Wisbech Area Health Authority, A.C. 112 C.F.R. (1986).
Graham, A., & Fitzgerald, R. (2010). Progressing children's participation: Exploring the potential of a dialogical turn. Childhood, 17(3), 343-359.
Grover, S. (2004). Why Won’t They Listen to Us? : On Giving Power and Voice to Children Participating in Social Research. Childhood, 11(1), 81-93.
Hart, R. (1992). Children's Participation: From Tokenism to Citizenship. Florence.
Hemrica, J. (2004). Tacit Notions of Childhood: An analysis of discourse about child participation in decision-making regarding arrangements in case of parental divorce. Childhood, 11(4), 449-468. doi: 10.1177/0907568204047106
Holland, S. (2006). 'We had to be there to make sure it was what we wanted': Enabling children's participation in family decision-making through the family group conference. Childhood, 13(1), 91-111. doi: 10.1177/0907568206059975
Iversen, C. (2013). Predetermined participation: Social workers evaluating children's agency in domestic violence interventions. Childhood, 21(2), 274-289.
James, A. (1998). Foreword. In I. Hutchby & J. Moran-Ellis (Eds.), Children and Social Competence. Arenas of action (pp. vii-x): Routledge.
James, A., & James, A. (2009). Keys concepts in Childhood studies: SAGE Publications Ltd.
James, A., & Jenks, C. (1996). Public Perceptions of Childhood Criminality. British Journal of Sociology, 47 (2), 315-331.
James, A., & Prout, A. (2005). Introduction. In A. James & A. Prout (Eds.), Constructing and reconstructing childhood. Contemporary issues in the sociological study of childhood (2 ed.): Falmer Press.
Jenks, C. (2009). Constructing childhood sociologically. In M. J. Kehily (Ed.), An introduction to Childhood Studies (2nd ed., pp. 93-111): Open University Press.
Kiely, P. (2005). The voice of the child in the family group conferencing model. In J. Mason & T. E. Fattore (Eds.), Children taken seriously: in theory, policy and practice (pp. 218-228). London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Kline, S. (2005). Countering Children's Sedentary Lifestyles: An evaluative study of a media-risk education approach. Childhood, 12(2), 239-258.
Komulainen, S. (2007). The Ambiguity of the Child's 'Voice' in Social Research. Childhood, 14(1), 11-28. doi: 10.1177/0907568207068561
Laws, S., & Mann, G. (2004). So you want to involve children in research? A toolkit supporting children's meaningful and ethical participation in research relating to violence against children. Save the Children Sweden: PartnerPrint.
Lee, N. (2001). The extensions of childhood: technologies, children and independence. In I. Hutchby & J. Moran-Ellis (Eds.), Children, technology and culture: the impacts of technologies in children's everyday lives (pp. 153-169): Routledge.
Linder, L. A., Ameringer, S., Erickson, J., Macpherson, C. F., Stegenga, K., & Linder, W. (2013). Using an iPad in research with children and adolescents. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, 18(2), 158-164. doi: 10.1111/jspn.12023
Martins, C. (2011). The dangers of the single story: Child-soldiers in literary fiction and film. Childhood, 18(4), 434-446. doi: 10.1177/0907568211400102
Mayall, B. (2000). The sociology of childhood in relation to children’s rights. The International Journal of Children's Rights, 8, 243-259.
Monteith, M. (2004). Making progress? The transition to adulthood for disabled young people in Northern Ireland. In L. Vicky, M. Kellet, C. Robinson, S. Fraser, & S. Ding (Eds.), The reality of research with children and young people (pp. 162-180). London; Thousand Oaks; New Delhi: SAGE Publications in association with the Open University.
Morrow, V., & Richards, M. (1996). The ethics of social research with children and young people: An overview. Children & Society, 10, 90-105.
Murray, C., & Hallett, C. (2000). Young People's Participation in Decisions Affecting Their Welfare. Childhood, 7(1), 11-25. doi: 10.1177/0907568200007001003
O'Kane, C. (2003). The development of participatory techniques. Facilitating children's views about decisions which affect them. In P. Christensen & A. James (Eds.), Research with children. Perspectives and practices (pp. 136-159): RoutledgedFalmer.
O'Reilly, M., Ronzoni, P., & Dogra, N. (2013). Research with children. Theory and practice: SAGE Publications.
Punch, S. (2011). Negotiating autonomy: children's use of time and space in rural Bolivia. In V. Lewis, M. Kellet, C. Robinson, S. Fraser, & S. Ding (Eds.), The reality of research with children and young people (pp. 94-119): SAGE in association with The Open University.
Renold, E. (2012). Boys and girls speak out: a qualitative study of children's gender and sexual cultures (age 10-12). National Assembly for Wales Cross-Party Group on Children, Sexualities, 'Sexualisation' and Equalities & Cardiff University.
Reynaert, D., Bouverne-de-Bie, M., & Vandevelde, S. (2009). A Review of Children's Rights Literature Since the Adoption of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Childhood, 16(4), 518-534. doi: 10.1177/0907568209344270
Robinson, K. H. (2005). Childhood and sexuality: Adult constructions and Silenced Children. In J. Mason & T. E. Fattore (Eds.), Children taken seriously: in theory, policy and practice (pp. 66-76). London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Roche, J. (1999). Children: Rights, Participation and Citizenship. Childhood, 6(4), 475-493. doi: 10.1177/0907568299006004006
Santana, J. P., & Fernandes, N. (2011). Pesquisas participativas com crianças em situação de risco e vulnerabilidade: possibilidades e limites. Paper presented at the XI Congresso Luso Afro Brasileiro de Ciências Sociais. Diversidades e (Des)igualdades, Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA ). Salvador, Brasil.
Sarmento, M. J. (2005b). Gerações e alteridade: interrogações a partir da sociologia da infância. Dossiê Sociologia da Infância: Pesquisas com Crianças. Educação e Sociedade, 26(91).
Saunders, B. J., & Goddard, C. (2005). The objectification of the child through 'physical discipline' and language: the debate on children's rights continues. In J. Mason & T. E. Fattore (Eds.), Children taken seriously: in theory, policy and practice (pp. 113-135). London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Sinclair, R. (2004). Participation in Practice: Making it Meaningful, Effective and Sustainable. Children & Society, 18, 106-118. doi: 10.1002/CHI.817
Thomas, N. (2007). Towards a theory of children’s participation. International Journal of Children’s Rights, 15(2), 199-218.
Tomanovic'-Mihajlovic', M. (2000). Young people’s participation within the family: Parents’ accounts. The International Journal of Children’s Rights, 8, 151-167.
Treseder, P. (1997). Empowering Children and Young People. Promoting involvement in decision-making. London: Save the Children.
Copyright (c) 2017 Revista EDaPECI
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.