FENOMENOLOGIA HERMENÊUTICA E AS NOÇÕES DE CONFIANÇA E MEMÓRIA CORPORAL NA DESCRIÇÃO DA EXPERIÊNCIA DA ENFERMIDADE
In this paper, a phenomenological-hermeneutical approach to illness is developed. Taking into account the description of bodily doubt presented by Have Carel, two basic phenomena are identified that conditions the bodily feeling belonging to the core of the experience of illness: body trust and procedural body memory. For each of these phenomena, a phenomenological-hermeneutic approach is presented, which consists of making explicit the ontological commitments implied in the concepts that describe the developmental sequence of infant trust and the structure of aptitudes capable of forming habituated capacities. Such commitments are made explicit with the help of the hermeneutic ontological pluralism exemplified by the fundamental ontology designed by Heidegger. As a more general result, the following account of bodily doubt establishes the suggestion that the phenomenological-hermeneutic approach to illness needs to be carried out in reciprocal collaboration with the empirical investigation of meaningful experience, explaining ontological commitments within the framework of a hermeneutic ontological pluralism.