A ABORDAGEM FILOGENÉTICA DA MENTE NO NATURALISMO BIOLÓGICO DE JOHN SEARLE
We aim to explore in this work the evolutionary component that pervades biological naturalism, a theory proposed by the contemporary philosopher John Rogers Searle as a solution to the mind-body problem. Initially, we give a historical overview of the evolutionary conceptions of Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet (Knight of Lamarck) and Charles Robert Darwin. Next, we employ the distinction set forth by Ernst Mayr between Evolutionary Biology and Functional Biology to argue that Searle is committed to both biases when he asserts that mental phenomena are biological phenomena. Finally, we detail the phylogenetic approach to the mind in biological naturalism.