State control (supervision) and the regulatory guillotine in the field of higher education in the Russian Federation

  • Maxim Kozyrev MIREA – Russian Technological University, Moscow, Russia.
  • Evgeniya Jukova Synergy University, Moscow, Russia.
  • Polina Palekhova Moscow State Regional University, Moscow, Russia.
  • Alexander Shumarov Voronezh Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Voronezh, Russia.
  • Rinat Faizulin MIREA – Russian Technological University, Moscow, Russia.

Resumo

The purpose of the article is to characterize current status of state control (supervision) in higher education in accordance with the implementation of the regulatory guillotine measures. The results of the research led the authors to the following conclusions. First of all, foreign expertise results in understanding the necessity of lobbying by non-governmental organizations. Otherwise, state regulators will operate precisely in their interests. Secondly, current administrative regulation of higher education is based on an inefficient monitoring system with redundant permissions of the Federal Service for Supervision in Education and Science (Rosobrnadzor). Thirdly, there is no reason to believe that the implementation the regulatory guillotine model can change the situation efficiently. It is more probable that the reduction of the intensity of control will lead to a net rise of latent offenses for educational institutions’ management. To eliminate these problems, the authors suggest implementing of monitoring system for the activities of higher educational establishment as well as for regulator’s actions with a monetization of these relations.

Biografia do Autor

Maxim Kozyrev, MIREA – Russian Technological University, Moscow, Russia.
Evgeniya Jukova, Synergy University, Moscow, Russia.
Polina Palekhova, Moscow State Regional University, Moscow, Russia.
Alexander Shumarov, Voronezh Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Voronezh, Russia.
Rinat Faizulin, MIREA – Russian Technological University, Moscow, Russia.

Referências

Aleksandrov, O. V. (2019). “Regulyatornyye gil'otiny”: mezhdunarodnyy opyt ustraneniya prepyatstviy dlya biznesa i investirovaniya ["Regulatory Guillotines": International experience in removing barriers to business and investment]. Torgovaya politika, 1(17), 107-119.
Ambler, T., Chittenden, F., & Xiao, D. (2007, April). The burden of regulation: Who is watching out for us? The British Chambers of Commerce. Available: http://regulatoryreform.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/UK-The-burden-of-regulation-BCC-April-2007.pdf
Analytical Centre under the Government of the Russian Federation. (2021, October 26). Mikhail Mishustin utverdil meropriyatiya po tsifrovoy transformatsii v sfere gosupravleniya [Mikhail Mishustin has adopted measures for digital transformation in public administration]. Available: https://knd.ac.gov.ru/5450/
Aniskina, N. N., Malinina, T. V., & Lalaeva, Z. A. (2019). “Regulyatornyye gil'otiny”: mezhdunarodnyy opyt ustraneniya prepyatstviy dlya biznesa i investirovaniya [“Regulatory guillotines”: What awaits additional professional education]. Dopolnitel'noye professional'noye obrazovaniye v strane i mire, 4(46), 1-6.
Arapov, O. G., Arapova, E. A., Volnyakova, O. A., & Solodukhin, D. V. (2018). Philosophical problems of education in the Russian natural scientific thought. Russian Technological Journal, 6(6), 84-100. https://doi.org/10.32362/2500-316X-2018-6-6-84-100.
Astakhov, A. M. (2019). ”Regulyatornaya gil'otina” v sfere malogo biznesa, prioritety i oriyentiry [“Regulatory guillotine” in the field of small business, priorities and guidelines]. In: Yachmenevov, V. M., Vorobets, T. I., Timaev, R. A. (Eds.). Issledovaniye, sistematizatsiya, kooperatsiya, razvitiye, analiz sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh sistem v oblasti ekonomiki i upravleniya (ISKRA - 2019). Sbornik trudov II Vserossiyskoy shkoly-simpoziuma molodykh uchenykh [Research, systematization, cooperation, development, analysis of socio-economic systems in the field of economics and management (ISKRA - 2019). Proceedings of the II All-Russian school-symposium of young scientists], Simferopol: Izdatel'stvo Tipografiya “Arial”, pp. 37-40.
Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. (2014). Postanovleniye Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 23 sentyabrya 2014 g. No. 24-P po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti chasti 1 stat'i 6.21 Kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh v svyazi s zhaloboy grazhdan N.A. Alekseyeva, Ya.N. Yevtushenko i D.A.Isakova [Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation of September 23, 2014 No. 24-P On the review of the constitutionality of Article 6.21(1) of the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation in connection with the complaint lodged by citizens N.A. Alekseev, Ya.N. Yevtushenko and D.A. Isakov]. Available: http://doc.ksrf.ru/decision/KSRFDecision173469.pdf
Darda, I. V., & Zernov, V. A. (2020). Perspektivy gosudarstvennoy akkreditatsii vuzov v kontekste “regulyatornoy gil'otiny” [Prospects for state accreditation of universities in the context of the “regulatory guillotine”]. Vyssheye obrazovaniye segodnya, 6, 2-7.
Department of the Taoiseach. (2009, June). Revised RIA guidelines. How to conduct a Regulatory Impact Analysis. Available: http://regulatoryreform.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Ireland-Revised_RIA_Guidelines_June_2009.pdf
Didikin, A. B. (2019). “Regulyatornaya gil'otina” v mekhanizme vzaimodeystviya rossiyskogo gosudarstva i obshchestva ["Regulatory guillotine" in the mechanism of interaction between the Russian state and society]. Akademik, 2, 10-15.
Federal Service for Supervision of Education and Science. (2017). Rosobrnadzor provel eksperiment po nezavisimoy proverke znaniy studentov [Rosobrnadzor conducted the experiment in independent assessment of students’ knowledge]. Available: http://obrnadzor.gov.ru/news/rosobrnadzor-provel-eksperiment-po-nezavisimoj-proverke-znanij-studentov/
Federal Service for Supervision of Education and Science. (2019). Rosobrnadzor rasskazal o novykh podkhodakh k kontrol'no-nadzornoy deyatel'nosti v ramkakh “regulyatornoy gil'otiny” [Rosobrnadzor spoke about new approaches to control and supervisory activities within the framework of the “regulatory guillotine”]. Available: http://obrnadzor.gov.ru/ru/press_center/news/index.php?id_4=7189
Feynberg, A. (2019, January 15). Gil'otina ot pravitel'stva: kak vlasti khotyat snizit' trebovaniya k biznesu [Guillotine from the government: How the authorities want to reduce the requirements for business]. RBK. Available: https://www.rbc.ru/economics/15/01/2019/5c3df76f9a7947214d11adcf
Filippov, V. M., Gol'tyapina, I. Yu., Podgornaya, S. O., & Manokhina, T. V. (2020). Mekhanizm "regulyatornoy gil'otiny" v obrazovanii [The mechanism of the “regulatory guillotine” in education]. Innovatsionnaya ekonomika i obshchestvo 1(27), 72-77.
Government of the Russian Federation. (2013, July 10). Postanovleniye Pravitel'stva RF ot 10 iyulya 2013 g. No. 582 ”Ob utverzhdenii Pravil razmeshcheniya na ofitsial'nom sayte obrazovatel'noy organizatsii v informatsionno-telekommunikatsionnoy seti "Internet" i obnovleniya informatsii ob obrazovatel'noy organizatsii” [Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of July 10, 2013 No. 582 “On the adoption of the Rules for posting on the official website of educational organizations in information and telecommunication network “Internet” and the updating of information on educational organization”]. Sobranie Zakonodatel’stva Rossiiskoi Federatsii [SZ RF] [Collection of Legislation of the RF] 22.07.2013, No. 29, Item 3964.
Government of the Russian Federation. (2013, August 5). Postanovleniye Pravitel'stva RF ot 5 avgusta 2013 g. No. 662 "Ob osushchestvlenii monitoringa sistemy obrazovaniya" (s izmeneniyami i dopolneniyami) [Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of August 5, 2013 No. 662 "On monitoring the education system" (with amendments and additions)]. Sobranie Zakonodatel’stva Rossiiskoi Federatsii [SZ RF] [Collection of Legislation of the RF] 19.08.2013, No. 33, Item 4378.
Government of the Russian Federation. (2019, May 29). Plan meropriyatiy (“dorozhnaya karta”) po realizatsii mekhanizma “regulyatornoy gil'otiny” ot 29 maya 2019 g. No. 4714p-P36 [Action plan ("road map") for implementing the "regulatory guillotine" mechanism of May 29, 2019 No. 4714p-P36]. Available: https://knd.ac.gov.ru/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/road_map.pdf
Government of the Russian Federation. (2019, July 4). Perechen' federal'nykh organov ispolnitel'noy vlasti, osushchestvlyayushchikh funktsii po normativno-pravovomu regulirovaniyu v sferakh osushchestvleniya gosudarstvennogo kontrolya (nadzora), i federal'nykh organov ispolnitel'noy vlasti, osushchestvlyayushchikh kontrol'no-nadzornyye funktsii, uchastvuyushchikh v realizatsii mekhanizma “regulyatornoy gil'otiny”, vidov federal'nogo gosudarstvennogo kontrolya (nadzora), osushchestvlyayemykh federal'nymi organami ispolnitel'noy vlasti, na kotoryye dolzhen byt' rasprostranen mekhanizm “regulyatornoy gil'otiny” [List of federal executive bodies exercising regulatory functions in the areas of state control (supervision) and federal executive bodies exercising control and supervisory functions involved in the implementation of the "regulatory guillotine" mechanism, types of federal state control (supervision) exercised by federal executive bodies to which the "regulatory guillotine" mechanism should be extended]. Available: http://static.government.ru/media/files/xcAOZszlPnsB9jDDLj5AQoymiX3QIwfs.pdf
Intrefaks. (2019, February 20). Putin prizval s 2021 goda prekratit' deystviye starykh normativnykh aktov v sfere kontrolya i nadzora [Putin called from 2021 to terminate the old regulations in the field of control and supervision]. Available: https://www.interfax.ru/russia/651347
Japan fact sheet. (2015). Drastic structural reform, a new driving force for growt. Regulatory reform. Available: http://regulatoryreform.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Japan-Regulatory-Reform-Fact-Sheet-2010.pdf (accessed March 8, 2021).
Kokhanov, R. I. (2016). Zarubezhnyy opyt vzaimodeystviya gosudarstvennykh i obshchestvennykh institutov po upravleniyu kachestvom vysshego obrazovaniya [Foreign experience of interaction between state and public institutions for quality management in higher education]. Molodoy uchenyy, 20(124), 520-528.
Korenkov, I. P., Okhrimenko, S. E., Samoilov, A. S., Shestopalov, N. V., & Prokhorov, N. I. (2019). A differentiated approach to hygienic indices in evaluating the activity of radiation facilities. Gigiena i Sanitariya, 98(3), 256-260. https://doi.org/10.18821/0016-9900-2019-98-3-256-260
Kotsanopoulos, K. V., & Arvanitoyannis, I. S. (2017). The role of auditing, food safety, and food quality standards in the food industry: A review. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 16(5), 760-775. https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12293
Kozyrev, M. S., Bogacheva, T. V., Jukova, E. E., & Palekhova, P. V. (2019). Analysis of management of higher education institutions. European Journal of Contemporary Education, 8(4), 801-809. https://doi.org/10.13187/ejced.2019.4.801
Litvinova, Yu. M., & Romanova, A. S. (2020). ”Regulyatornaya gil'otina” kak effektivnyy mekhanizm administrativnoy reformy [The “regulatory guillotine” as an efficient mechanism of the administrative reform]. In: Gogolevskaya, E. B. (Ed.). Problemy zashchity prav: istoriya i sovremennost'. Materialy XIV mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Problems of rights protection: History and modernity. Proceedings of the XIV International scientific and practical conference]. St. Petersburg: Leningrad State University named after A.S. Pushkin, pp. 380-383.
Lopatina, T. M. (2020). Rol' obshchestvennogo kontrolya v sovremennykh usloviyakh [The role of public control in modern conditions]. Rossiyskaya yustitsiya, 4, 49-52.
Manyushis, A. Yu. (2020). Nezavisimaya otsenka kachestva obrazovaniya: chego my zhdem ot “regulyatornoy gil'otiny”? [An independent assessment of the quality of education: what do we expect from the “Regulatory guillotine”?]. Nauchnyye trudy Vol'nogo ekonomicheskogo obshchestva Rossii, 222(2), 380-406. https://doi.org/10.38197/2072-2060-2020-222-2-380-406
Margolin, A. M. (2019). Monitoring vuzov: vsevidyashcheye oko regulyatornoy gil'otiny [University monitoring: The all-seeing eye of the regulatory guillotine]. Obrazovatel'naya politika, 1-2(77-78), 67-75.
Martynov, A. V. (2019). Perspektivy primeneniya mekhanizma “regulyatornoy gil'otiny” pri reformirovanii kontrol'no-nadzornoy deyatel'nosti [Prospects for the application of the “regulatory guillotine” mechanism in reforming control and supervisory activities]. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo, 5, 143-165.
Maslennikova, E. V., Dobrolyubova, E. I., & Yuzhakov, N. V. (2020). Effectiveness of control and enforcement activities in selected areas: Statistics and sociology. Ekonomicheskaya politika, 15(1), 90-107. https://doi.org/10.18288/1994-5124-2020-1-90-107
Mitrokhin, O. V. (2019). Interaction between state and non-state organizations while monitoring sanitary and epidemiological safety. Voprosy gosudarstvennogo i munitsipalnogo upravleniya-public administration, ‏4, 113-132.
Motova, G. N. (2020). Guards or conductors? New requirements for accreditation agencies on education quality assurance. Vysshee Obrazovanie v Rossii, 29(6), 9-21. https://doi.org/10.31992/0869-3617-2020-6-9-21
Mutsalov, Sh. Sh., & Arsamirzayeva, T. A. (2021). “Regulatory guillotine” in the sphere of transformation of legal regulation of certain education issues in the Russian Federation. International Research Journal, 1(103), 86-89. https://doi.org/10.23670/IRJ.2021.103.1.103
Ondee, P., & Pannarunothai, S. (2008). Stakeholder analysis: Who are the key actors in establishing and developing Thai independent consumer organizations?”. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(8), 907-917.
Parker, D., & Kirkpatrick, C. (2012, August). Measuring regulatory performance. The economic impact of regulatory policy: A literature review of quantitative evidence. OECD Expert Paper No. 3. Available: https://www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/3_Kirkpatrick%20Parker%20web.pdf
Red'ko, S. V. (2020). K voprosu o printsipakh peresmotra sanitarno-epidemiologicheskikh trebovaniy v usloviyakh realizatsii mekhanizma “regulyatornoy gil'otiny” [On the issue of the principles of revision of sanitary and epidemiological requirements in the context of the implementation of the mechanism of "regulatory guillotine"]”. In: Popova, A. Yu., Zaitseva, N. V. (Eds.). Analiz riska zdorov'yu - 2020 sovmestno s mezhdunarodnoy vstrechey po okruzhayushchey srede i zdorov'yu Rise-2020 i kruglym stolom po bezopasnosti pitaniya. Materialy X Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiyem. V 2-kh tomakh [Health Risk Analysis 2020 in conjunction with the International Meeting on Environment and Health RISE-2020 and the Nutrition Security Roundtable. Materials of X All-Russian scientific and practical conference with international participation. In 2 volumes]. Perm: Perm National Research Polytechnic University, pp. 95-99.
Safonkina, S. G., Ivanenko, A. V., & Kuchma, V. R. (2012). Scientific and practical substantiation of the methodology for sanitary-epidemiological auditing educational institutions. Gigiena i Sanitariya, 6, 46-48.
Sokolov, V. (2020). Monitoring of legal regulation of educational activities in terms of legal practice in implementing the “Regulatory Guillotine” in the field of education. Science Governance and Scientometrics Journal, 15(4), 589-626. https://doi.org/10.33873/2686-6706.2020.15-4.589-626
Sovremennyy predprinimatel'. (2019, January 17). Dmitriy Medvedev schitayet, chto trebovaniya k biznesu zavysheny [Dmitry Medvedev believes that the requirements for business are overstated]. Available: https://spmag.ru/news/dmitriy-medvedev-schitaet-chto-trebovaniya-k-biznesu-zavysheny
State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. (2001). Kodeks ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh RF ot 30 dekabrya 2001 g. No. 195-FZ (s izmeneniyami na 21 dekabrya 2021 goda) [The Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offences of December 30, 2001 No. 195-FZ (as amended on December 21, 2021)]. Sobranie Zakonodatel’stva Rossiiskoi Federatsii [SZ RF] [Collection of Legislation of the RF] 07.01.2002, No. 1 (Part I), Item 1.
State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. (2008). Federal'nyy zakon ot 26 dekabrya 2008 g. No. 294-FZ “O zashchite prav yuridicheskikh lits i individual'nykh predprinimateley pri osushchestvlenii gosudarstvennogo kontrolya (nadzora) i munitsipal'nogo kontrolya” [Federal Law of December 26, 2008 No. 294-FZ “On protection of the rights of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs in implementation of state control (supervision) and municipal control”]. Sobranie Zakonodatel’stva Rossiiskoi Federatsii [SZ RF] [Collection of Legislation of the RF] 29.12.2008, No. 52 (Part I), Item 6249.
State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. (2012). Federal'nyy zakon ot 29 dekabrya 2012 g. No. 273-FZ “Ob obrazovanii v Rossiyskoy Federatsii” [The Federal Law of December 29, 2013 No. 273-FZ “On education in the Russian Federation” of December 29, 2013 No. 273-FZ]. Sobranie Zakonodatel’stva Rossiiskoi Federatsii [SZ RF] [Collection of Legislation of the RF] 31.12.2012, No. 53 (Part I), Item 7598.
Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. (2016). Opredeleniye Verkhovnogo Suda RF ot 26 dekabrya 2017 g. No. 304-AD17-12725 po delu No. A70-16163/2016 [Determination of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of December 26, 2017 No. 304-AD17-12725 in case No. A70-16163/2016]. Available: https://kad.arbitr.ru/Document/Pdf/6bade30f-ce8a-4840-ae54-745da4aacd75/a39b88b6-5989-423b-af95-7643ca6bdb18/A70-16163-2016_20171226_Opredelenie.pdf?isAddStamp=True
Tsypkina, I. S. (2019). K voprosu o tselesoobraznosti realizatsii mekhanizma "regulyatornoy gil'otiny" primenitel'no k trudovomu zakonodatel'stvu [On the feasibility of implementing the "regulatory guillotine" mechanism in relation to labor legislation]. Vestnik Universiteta imeni O.Ye. Kutafina (MGYUA), 11(63), 77-82.
Yuzhakov, V. N., Dobrolyubova, E. I., & Pokida, A. N. (2019). Inspection and regulatory enforcement reform: Evaluation from the citizen perspective. Public Administration Issues, 2, 71-92.
Yuzhakov, V. N., Dobrolyubova, E. I., Pokida, A. N., & Zybunovskaya, N. V. (2020). Evaluating performance of regulatory enforcement activities by businesses: Key trends. Public Administration, 2, 32-53.
Publicado
2022-01-31
Como Citar
Kozyrev, M., Jukova, E., Palekhova, P., Shumarov, A., & Faizulin, R. (2022). State control (supervision) and the regulatory guillotine in the field of higher education in the Russian Federation. Revista Tempos E Espaços Em Educação, 15(34), e17220. https://doi.org/10.20952/revtee.v15i34.17220