Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação 2021-06-16T11:52:48-03:00 Alfrancio Ferreira Dias Open Journal Systems <p>Escopo: A <strong>Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação</strong> é uma publicação de acesso aberto do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação da Universidade Federal de Sergipe, dedica-se a publicar em fluxo contínuo artigos originais, fomentando e facilitando o intercâmbio acadêmico da área de educação no âmbito nacional e internacional. É um periódico de acesso aberto sem pagamento de taxa ou custos de processamento de artigos (envio, revisão, edição e publicação). Suas áreas prioritárias são: História da Educação; Conhecimento e Cultura; Educação e Comunicação; Educação e Diversidade e Formação de Professores.<br><strong>E-ISSN</strong>: 2358-1425</p> Virtuality in university teaching-learning versus COVID-19 2021-01-20T20:13:27-03:00 José Néstor Sánchez Morales Edith Eloísa Huerta León Oriana Rivera-Lozada Miriam Liliana Flores Coronado Luis Alberto Núñez Lira <p>The research aimed to analyze the use of virtual resources in teaching-learning in times of pandemic at the Daniel Alcides Carrion National University. The methodology used was of qualitative approach through field work to explain the behaviors assumed in the processes of learning management by students and teachers. The information was collected through various techniques such as observation of virtual classes, documentary analysis, and focus groups with students, unstructured interviews and, in depth, with experts in the subject that allowed us to conduct the discussion and triangulation. The results allowed us to affirm that students recognize the importance of technology and the use of ICTs for their professional training; in addition, students and teachers have been demonstrating high levels of value, responsibility and commitment to their learning.</p> 2021-01-20T17:54:55-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Management in strengthening social- emotional competence during health emergencies 2021-01-20T20:13:24-03:00 Aracelli del Carmen Gonzales Sánchez Nancy Rita Trujillo Mariño Ivonne Luz Ruiz Pelayo Yolvi Ocaña-Fernández <p>The COVID-19 pandemic has led to compulsory confinement, which has determined that classes are held at a distance and has highlighted the weaknesses of our school system, for example, in the development of socio-emotional competence, which would serve as a support for dealing with this health emergency context. That is why the management will be important to seek a rapprochement with the educational community by making use of this competence. The objective of this study is to identify the incidence of management to strengthen social-emotional competence during a health emergency. The method used is of quantitative approach; a census sample of 84 directors belonging to private institutions of regular basic education was used, applying as an instrument a Likert type questionnaire, which was processed with the SPSS 24 program, which gave a 95% confidence range and a significant p value &lt; 0.05. The results were obtained according to the ranges used: low, acceptable, expected and outstanding. In the explanatory and descriptive statistical processing of the study variables, the predominant level is expected. Therefore, it was concluded that the incidence of the directive management with respect to the strengthening of the social-emotional competence during the sanitary emergency is favorable.</p> 2021-01-20T20:01:54-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Practices with the experiment of the “body fall” with the use of the smartphone stopwatch and with the use of video analysis 2021-01-21T21:28:33-03:00 Emanuelly Torres Nunes Ivanderson Pereira da Silva <p>This study had as main objective to analyze the perceptions of middle school students about the limits and possibilities of using the smartphone's stopwatch and video analysis, through the Tracker software, to explore the phenomenon of falling bodies. For that, a teaching sequence with six stages was proposed and developed in four classes of the 1st grade of High School. This is a qualitative research, of the participant type of research, whose data collection strategies were participant observation and the use of questionnaires. The emerging data were treated in the light of the Discursive Textual Analysis. As main results, it was possible to verify that the students recognized different ways of producing science, meant science as a human product, appropriated different ways of scientific language, recognized the limits and potentialities of the first method, the second and the association between Those.</p> 2021-01-21T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Sociodemographic factors associated with academic goals in university students in times of the COVID-19 Pandemic 2021-01-21T12:40:06-03:00 Jessica Paola Palacios Garay Jorge Luis Escalante Flores Juan Carlos Chumacero Calle Jaime Tamashiro-Tamashiro <p>Motivational processes in students are oriented to the fulfillment of academic goals, therefore, it is one of the significant variables of the study, for this, a student-centered approach was adopted. The present research set out to determine the association of sociodemographic factors with the academic goals of university students from a private university; The sample consisted of 1,400 students from the Health career: 659 (47.1%) were male and 741 (52.9%) were female; The approach was quantitative, of the substantive type, descriptive level, under the non-experimental cross-sectional design; a sociodemographic record was used. Regarding academic goals, the CMA questionnaire was administered. The results showed that the academic goals are associated with the variables sex, age, school of origin and hours of study of the students who participated, since the significance was p &lt;0.05. The data obtained allowed to qualify and quantify the importance of motivation as a transcendent component for the fulfillment of the proposed objectives.</p> 2021-01-21T12:24:41-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Micro worlds: learning about probabilities in simulated contexts 2021-01-21T22:45:07-03:00 Angel Salvatierra Melgar José Nieto Gamboa César Daniel Escuza Mesías Paola Gissella Orozco-Vargas Linda Shardin-Flores <p>In this study, the learning processes of the concepts of the probability topic are based on the use and simulation of the micro world tools by the learning actors, who demonstrated creativity, selection of the objects visible in the interface, and the introduction of basic programming principles associated with the topic in question. For the development of the study, we proceeded by the experimental design of a pre-experimental type of an intact group made up of 50 students from the 5th academic semester of the Professional School of Education of a Public University. The data were collected by an academic test before and after the experimentation, to later be processed and analyzed through the Student's t-statistic expression for related samples, reaching the following conclusion. The experimentation with micro worlds as active learning strategies based on the theory of constructionism, presents a high degree of interactivity associated with sounds, silhouettes, graphics and activities, which allowed to promote the conceptualization, resolution of exercises and problems of the topic in an experiential way in environments natural simulated by the computer.</p> 2021-01-21T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Foreign Internships as A Factor of Foreign Language Teachers’ Professional Development 2021-01-22T11:13:23-03:00 Galina V. Tretyakova Natalya V. Chernyishkova Rosaria Rosaria Filone <p>The aim of the study is to find ways to expand teacher efficacy by participating in foreign internships. Survey methods were used to collect the data from students. Descriptive statistics was used to examine the overall trends in foreign language teachers’ professional development. Thus, passing a training abroad leads to the development and improvement of language, professional, and cultural competencies of not only teachers, but also students; improving the skills of teachers, their motivation; increasing not only the prestige of the educational organization, but also the publication activity of university employees in world scientific publications; improving educational technologies. And most importantly, students, as direct participants of the educational process, are more than satisfied with their results. The article is of interest for the foreign language teachers.</p> 2021-01-22T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Regulation of professional and labor relations of university teachers: international practice and national characteristics 2021-01-22T15:58:58-03:00 Umalt Umarovich Abdulkadyrov Olga Anatolevna Pak Sergey Anatolyevich Makushkin <p>The present article is focused on a general analysis of labor relations in a modern university, as well as on the study of some specific characteristics of these relations. In recent decades, economic policy in higher education has changed significantly in different countries of the world. The goal of the study is to analyze modern approaches to regulating the labor status of a university teacher and its elements. The authors investigate the history of the transformations of higher education since the 1990s which resulted in higher education turning from the sphere of human capital production into an independent branch of the service sector. The article shows that, as a result of the higher education system reforms, changes in university management, the system of labor relations, and the socio-economic status of university teachers are taking place. Various university management models are explored. It is demonstrated that in the modern setting, internal control is replaced by external control, academic freedom is pushed aside by administration, and academic standards are modified and replaced by formal rules. These reforms are accompanied by major changes in labor relations and the role of management and teaching staff in universities. Various examples of the construction of labor relations with teachers adopted in different countries are studied. Close attention is paid to approaches to stimulating teaching activities. In the light of the current difficult situation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the problems of labor relations aggravated with the transition to distance and blended learning are considered. The drawbacks preventing a higher quality of higher education in Russia are identified. Proposals for improving the regulation of labor relations in the field of higher education aimed at improving its quality are presented.</p> 2021-01-22T15:48:17-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação The influence of art and artistic and creative activities on the quality of information assimilation (complementary semantic approach in education) 2021-01-22T17:22:36-03:00 Irina E. Kashekova Elena S. Medkova Elena N. Piryazeva <p>Based on the analysis of studies from various areas of scientific knowledge, the article identifies the resources of art and artistic and creative activities having a positive impact on the development of human intellect, creativity, and mental health. The factors and conditions of the beneficial effect of art and artistic and creative activities on the quality of assimilated information are examined. The opportunity for incorporating the languages and methods of art into education is presented by the complementary semantic approach complementary-semantic approach, which, due to the complementarity of the languages of science and art, is aimed at generating different types of thinking (concrete, symbolic, sign, visual, associative, creative) the synthesis of which allows developing the independence of thinking and the skills of social adaptation and collective problem-solving.</p> 2021-01-22T17:14:58-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Cuerpo sexualidad y adolescencia: continuidades y rupturas en instituciones públicas y privadas del departamento del Meta: apuntes para pensar el cuerpo la sexualidad y la adolescencia en la escuela 2021-01-23T20:10:34-03:00 Armando Acuña Pineda <p>Este projeto de pesquisa visa estabelecer em uma primeira fase como jovens adolescentes descrevem sua sexualidade através de seus corpos. Para isso, foi necessário abordar, por um lado, como categorias conceituais, os conceitos de corpo e educação sexual. Em segundo lugar, os conceitos foram chegados de jovem e sexualidade desde está relacionado com a fase de vida dentro que as mocidades adolescentes são, aproximadamente entre os 15 e 19 anos que pertencem a um ambiente familiar, meninos que freqüentam a escola de um modo permanente que você / eles tem iniciado uma vida sexual (namoro) e que ultimamente eles mantêm uma sociabilidadeativa entre a escola, a família e os espaços diários sociais. Para tal efetua, um foco qualitativo era simulado devido a seu caráter descritivo, todas estas manifestações serão descritas inicialmente por questionários / entrevista. (Jones 2010). Em troca os resultados deste projeto permitirão contribuir indicações para descrever como eles concebessem a sexualidade as mocidades pelos corpos deles/delas nas instituições educacionais das municipalidades de Villavicencio, Acacías, Granada, Puerto Gaitán e Restrepo. O que permitirá ter um trabalho exploratório para continuar com a segunda fase da investigação muito mais compreensiva de caráter.</p> 2021-01-23T20:09:28-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Method of designing technology for future teacher intellectual work culture formation 2021-02-16T12:53:59-03:00 Alexandr Albertovich Mukhametshin Ramis Rafagatovich Nasibullov Valentina Khamitovna Adilova <p>Relevance of the problem under study is due to the need for monitoring diagnostics of the intellectual work culture formation of future teacher and the lack of development of specific ways, approaches and conditions of technology as a way of its qualitative design. The purpose of the article is to develop a method for designing the technology for forming the future teacher's intellectual work culture in line with the anthropological paradigm and testing it. Research methods: the leading method of researching this problem is modeling a method of designing technology, which allows analyzing the methodological, theoretical, technological and practical ways, approaches and conditions for future teacher intellectual work culture formation. Results of the research: the article presents a method of designing technology for future teacher intellectual work culture formation, consisting of differentiation of ways, psychological and pedagogical conditions, and effective approaches established through monitoring diagnostics and determining the goal of its concept in line with the anthropological paradigm. Practical significance: The method of designing technology for future teacher intellectual work culture formation is aimed at transforming specific types of activity of the students on the basis of quality determination, the efficiency and effectiveness of the ways policies and conditions by means of monitoring diagnostics.</p> 2021-02-16T09:35:22-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Education institution activity for student’s language rights and ethno-cultural needs 2021-02-16T12:53:57-03:00 Irina Terentyeva Svetlana Fedorova Guzaliya Fahrutdinova Lidiya Iksanova Anastasia Fakhrutdinova <p>The study considers the problem of management process of an educational institution activity to meet the language rights and ethno-cultural needs of students. The relevance of the research is due to the lack of problem development and the lack of an effective model for managing the educational process to ensure the language rights and ethno-cultural needs of students. The respondents of the study were the students of National presidential boarding school, where a management model of an educational organization activity was created and tested. Firstly, the initial level of formation of teachers’ readiness for educational activity to meet the language rights and ethno-cultural needs of students in a boarding school for gifted children was revealed. Various diagnostic methods were used to specify the components of teachers’ readiness to teach children to meet the language rights and ethno-cultural needs. The original results are presented in the study and show dynamics after the implementation of the developed management model of an educational organization activity to meet the language rights and ethno-cultural needs of students. The model can be implemented in different educational organizations.</p> 2021-02-16T10:22:51-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação O The student occupations movement in Pará, Brazil in 2016 2021-02-17T11:50:25-03:00 Luís Antonio Groppo Ronaldo Marcos de Lima Araujo Verena Cristina Monteiro Moraes <p>A historical interpretation of the occupations of high schools in Pará, in 2016, is made, trying to understand their characteristics and their political and formative practices, based on the category of Thompson's experience and that of Rancière's historical subject. Five interviews were conducted in 2019, listening to young people who participated in the movement in four municipalities. As a result, Pará joined the national student occupation movement in a very active way, both adhering to the national agenda and proposing its own demands. Also, students experienced formative practices that gave new meaning to school culture, youth culture and political culture, combining both the autonomist tendency and the political orientation of student entities, producing significant impacts on the educational and political trajectories of the subjects interviewed.</p> 2021-02-17T10:17:42-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Professionally-oriented tasks in the formation of competencies in the field of students’ research activities 2021-02-16T12:54:02-03:00 Yulia Alexandrovna Kireeva <p>Due to the introduction and implementation of the requirements of the third-generation Federal State Educational Standards, the importance of students' involvement in research activities during their studies has increased. Currently, special importance in the higher education system is given to the issues related to the organization of such work with students. Having mastered the principal educational program, graduates should be ready to carry out professional activities in the field of applied research, as well as to solve various research tasks. To do this, the graduates must have a certain set of competencies, formed in various ways and methods in the course of professional training. One of the best ways to form competencies both in the field of future profession and research activities is professionally-oriented tasks. As a rule, such tasks are offered to students starting from the first year. Gradually, the level of complexity of the tasks increases, and to solve such tasks, senior-year students need knowledge across multiple disciplines. The article presents a list of academic disciplines, whose study using various forms can train and develop various competencies, including research ones. Universities regularly involve students in research work. However, at present, an appropriate pedagogically sound system of continuous involvement of students in this work is required.</p> 2021-02-16T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Human capital development: development of professional competencies through soft skills 2021-02-16T12:53:55-03:00 Valeriia Valerevna Semenova Alexander Nikolaevich Zelenyuk Yuri Anatolyevich Savinov <p>The goal of the article is to analyze the development of the professional competency of leadership through the development of soft skills in the students of Russian engineering universities on the example of the Moscow Polytechnic University. The most demanded and dynamic part of the labor market is currently represented by engineering specialists. However, successful professional and career growth, as well as the effective development of human capital as the main resource of the innovative development of modern society, requires a combination of engineering (hard skills) and humanitarian (soft skills) abilities in a specialist. The development of many socially significant processes in modern society demonstrates aggravated contradictions and the development of new realization trends many of which are associated with changes in the parameters of these processes which, in turn, is determined by the mass implementation of innovative digital technologies and globalization processes. Globalization as a process ensuring the accessibility and openness of information has a significant impact on the transformation of national values within a country in favor of the emergence of global social, moral, and legal values and social behavior norms in the field of political and state power, as well as the economy. Leadership as a social phenomenon bearing the main load of managing all socially significant processes is also changing. Leadership as a social phenomenon is subject to constant scientific study and analysis. For this purpose, the GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organization Behavior Effectiveness) International Research Program was created. The GLOBE program coordinates the study of leadership in more than 60 countries which also supports the relevance of researching the phenomenon of leadership. In the professional activity, leadership manifests through the “leadership qualities” competency.</p> 2021-02-16T11:05:24-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação The impact of individual and group_based expectations on the self_image and reading comprehension of iranian intermediate efl learners 2021-02-27T14:54:29-03:00 Elahe Salehi Ali-Reza Ameri Gholam-Reza Abbasian <p>The study scrutinized the effect of individual and group-based expectations on EFL learners' self-image and reading comprehension. This study explored the effectuality of individual expectations and group-based expectations in improving self-image and reading comprehension among EFL learners. To do so, 50 out of 120 Iranian EFL learners were chosen as the sample of the study and they were divided into two groups of Individual-based Expectation Instruction and Group-based Expectation Instruction, received five sessions of instruction along with some types of expectations and took two types of reading and self-image tests as a pre- and post-test. In general, the results showed no significant difference between the two groups’ mean scores on the post-test of self-image. The results revealed that the individual expectation group significantly outperformed the group-based expectation group on the post-test of reading comprehension. The findings suggest that using different forms of expectations in language classes can be instrumental in improving the students’ self-image and reading comprehension.</p> 2021-02-27T14:42:48-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Regional aspects of humanitarization of university education 2021-02-16T12:53:53-03:00 Marina Georgiyevna Sergeeva Irina Vyacheslavovna Vlasyuk Nikolai Mikhailovich Borytko Marina Nikolaevna Podolskaya Lyudmila Nikolaevna Kanishcheva <p>Modern university education in Russia requires multidimensional changes. One of the main directions is the optimization of the educational environment, in particular the management system. First of all, changes should take place at the level of education managers, who combine the qualities of a teacher, manager and psychologist. This necessity explains the increased requirements for the educational management. On the one hand, an important aspect is the competence of educational managers, on the other hand, we should deal with the system of interaction between managers and other participants of the university educational environment. Only a harmonious combination of these factors allows the university to function at the proper level. The problem of communication management in educational institutions is one of the most significant in the field of higher education. Communication is seen as one of the main resources for the development and growth of any organization. Communication as the process of sharing knowledge and information significantly affects the efficiency of an organization. The challenge of communication management is primarily in the fact that there are no clear criteria for monitoring the communication environment. This fact actualizes the problems of empirical research of communication management in the university education system. The most important dimension of optimization is the improvement of the communication environment, associated with the competence of employees and the system of their interaction. Thus, optimization of the communication environment makes it possible not only to improve management and communication processes, but also has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the university as a whole.</p> 2021-02-16T11:33:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Digital educational environment as a factor of military professional training of future officers 2021-02-16T12:53:51-03:00 Marina Georgiyevna Sergeeva Alexey Sergeevich Korobov Vladislav Borisovich Lukin Egor Victorovich Paramonov Alexander Olegovich Zaitsev <p>The safety and comfort of the digital educational environment in the professional training of future officers are interdependent parameters determining the psychological impact on both individuals and groups. For the development of a safe and comfortable educational environment, it is required to determine how the educational environment affects the personality, as well as how the personality determines the educational environment in higher education. The educational environment is a combination of material factors, interpersonal relations and specially organized psychological and pedagogical conditions for the development of a personality. The essence of the educational environment is represented as the interaction of its subsystems (local educational environments) and the creation of sustainable structure characteristic of a particular educational institution or educational system as a whole, which, on the one hand, influence the subjects of the educational environment, and on the other, are formed by them. The development of the educational environment is determined by both structural changes, such as changes in concepts, regulations and management, and personal changes in the participants of the educational process, in particular teachers and students. In practice, the educational environment consists of many local educational environments, which coexist, influencing each other.</p> 2021-02-16T12:02:53-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Modern communication technologies in education: book trailer 2021-02-16T12:53:48-03:00 Nadezhda Ilinichna Nikonova Svetlana Yrievna Zalutskaya <p>The article deals with the problem of encouraging the reading activity of pupils through modern communication technologies. As a tool to attract the attention of teenagers to reading, the authors turn to a multimedia advertising product, namely, a book trailer. The relevance of its application in teaching is determined by the context of the time, digitalization and virtualization of education, social trends, and features of the perception of information by today’s reader and viewer. The article substantiates the fruitfulness of using the book trailer in the educational environment by the results of content analysis of scientific works of Russian and foreign researchers, practitioners, and practical testing in the educational process. As an experimental research method, the authors used a survey of pupils of the sixth and seventh grades of the Second Malzhagar Middle School named after M.E. Vasilyeva of the “Khangalassky Ulus” municipal district, as well as rural teachers of the literature of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) of the Far Eastern Region of the Russian Federation. The survey involved 47 pupils and 31 respondents from among regional teachers of the Russian language and literature. The problem of reading was considered in terms of uncovering the creative potential of pupils of the sixth and seventh grades who were studying under the elective program "Book Trailer: Create, Watch, and Read". The research results aimed at determining the book trailer as an effective means of developing pupils’ interest in reading, implementing their creative abilities in the course of developing a product for the information and educational environment of the region. The authors conclude that the creation of book trailers is one of the most relevant motivators for pupils in their cognitive activity as it combines work with a book and mastering modern communication technologies, increases interest in learning and the level of motivation to read.</p> 2021-02-16T12:51:24-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Basic values of Russian and foreign students (comparative aspect) 2021-02-21T12:32:46-03:00 Tatiana Vyacheslavovna Nesterova Svetlana Georgievna Persiyanova Bagaudin Ibragimovich Karadzhev <p>The article deals with the comparison of the basic values of modern students (Russian and foreign). The authors examine and compare basic values held by modern students (Russian and foreign). The study is based on the typology of basic values of Russians (research project "Tomskaya initsiativa", 2001) and the list of values from the S. Schwartz Value Survey. The respondents are asked to choose 10 key values out of 40 basic values and assess them using the S. Schwartz scale. The surveys performed by the authors at the Pushkin State Russian Language Institute and Moscow Automobile and Road Construction State Technical University are used as the materials for the study.</p> 2021-02-21T12:31:36-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação The problem of the synthesis of pedagogical strategy and moral practice in modern medical education (aspects of integrating international experience) 2021-02-23T16:12:05-03:00 Elena N. Pesotskaya Vera I. Inchina Svetlana V. Aksyonova Angelina V. Zorkina Lyudmila V. Сhegodaeva <p>The article is devoted to the phenomenon of "medical humanities" as an independent interdisciplinary area of research, formed on the basis of the international experience integration as a reality. Тhe phenomenon is comprehended simultaneously in the field of Russian patristic tradition and medicine, since it focuses pedagogical strategy and moral practice. In the Russian spiritual tradition, it fits into the processes of educating humanity, which receives a modern consideration both in moral and religious categories, and in the categories of natural science, which are significant for medicine. Spirituality is the category of thinking that changes the idea of a person in the existing reductionist approach to his integrity in medicine. The action of the worldview of the individual is considered as a mandatory constant, which acts as a constructive mechanism for the transformation of the value foundations of thinking and ethical reflection. The fundamentals of spiritual and moral education and patristic experience make complex conditions for the restoration of humanitarian culture in medicine. The purpose of the process is to qualitatively change its anthropological, ethical and psychological components. Systemic humanitarian knowledge is main for medical education. The author reveals the significance of the positive convergence of the humanities for medicine.</p> 2021-02-23T16:10:44-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Formation of cognitive activity of technical university students using elements of blended learning in the study of quantum physics 2021-02-27T12:17:33-03:00 Diana Arkad`evna Denisova Natalia Gennadyevna Levanova Irina Vladimirovna Evgrafova Alexander Sergeyevich Verkhovod <p>The study aims to analyze the expediency of using the capabilities of LMS Moodle for the implementation of blended learning in physics at a technical university in the study of quantum physics. The opportunities presented by the Moodle online environment are analyzed. It is demonstrated that online learning combined with in-person learning greatly improves learning outcomes. An instrument for e-learning in quantum physics in the Moodle environment is described and its educational capabilities are determined. The article examines the method of creating computer models using Easy Gif Animator. Modeling is examined as a means of promoting the formation of students’ cognitive activity. The use of modeling and thought experiments contributes to enhancing students’ understanding of real-life experiments and theories in physics. The study results support the hypothesis that the introduction of an electronic learning component in teaching quantum physics will increase students’ cognitive activity levels.</p> 2021-02-27T12:16:26-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Impact of digital services of hybrid cloud-based learning environment on efficiency of education 2021-02-27T13:54:32-03:00 Natalia Kovalevskaia Emma Nikolaevna Gilyazeva Olga Fedorovna Lobazova Irina Albertovna Duborkina Antonina Pavlovna Sokolova <p>This paper aims to analyse the impact of the hybrid cloud-based learning environment providing resources and services to implement interdisciplinary projects in the course of studies on the efficiency of education. A combination of modern methods of pedagogical studies was applied to address the set problems. The authors used theoretical methods, such as analysis, generalisation, comparison, synthesis, and systematisation of research literature and teaching aids providing visibility in terms of the current outlook of the analysed problem and developing and introducing a hybrid cloud-based learning environment to support interdisciplinary projects. The authors also used empirical methods, such as pedagogical experiments, to determine the impact of digital services in the hybrid cloud-based learning environment on students' performance in each discipline of interdisciplinary projects and their profiles in the course of the project. For numeric processing of research findings and statistical tests for objectivity, the authors used methods of mathematical statistics. The case is made for using cloud computing in the education of future professionals. Experimental analysis is conducted to determine the impact of the hybrid cloud-based learning environment providing resources and services to implement interdisciplinary projects in the course of studies on the efficiency of education. The positive impact is shown for the hybrid cloud-based learning in terms of students' progress. The results can make the basis for developing and introducing a hybrid cloud-based learning environment to support interdisciplinary projects. <em>The scientific novelty of this study</em> is underscored by the analysis of the impact of digital services of the hybrid cloud-based learning environment on the efficiency of educating future professionals in the course of an interdisciplinary project.</p> 2021-02-27T13:53:07-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Factor analysis of educational evaluation indicators of Iranian sports coaches 2021-02-27T15:23:10-03:00 Kiomars Aziz Malayeri Mohammad Sharif-Taherpour Mohammad Mohammadi <p>The objective of this study was factor analysis of educational evaluation indicators of sports coaches in Hamadan province. The statistical population of the study was all sports coaches in all sports branches in Hamadan province in the years (2019-2018). The statistical population of this study included all sports coaches in Hamadan province according to the latest information provided by the Statistics Center of the General Directorate of Sports and Youth in 2018, it included 4,000 people. The sampling method was stratified random; the number of samples was 351 based on Morgan table. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire that interviewed 30 experienced sports coaches and using Delphi technique and after agreeing on the materials, the results of the study were extracted and classified. Its nominal and content validity were reviewed and confirmed by a group of experts. The reliability of the instrument was calculated by Cronbach's alpha method of 0.85. Data were analyzed using heuristic rotation heuristic analysis, repeated measures analysis of variance and Bonferroni post hoc test at a significance level of P &lt;0.050. Based on the results of factor analysis, out of 75 items of performance evaluation, 17 items were removed and 58 items were included in 6 factors. Social factors (5 items), professional (8 items), personality (8 items), managerial (14 items), scientific (14 items), emotional skills (9 items) in order of prioritizing the scientific factor in the first place, management in Second place, personality in third place, professional in fourth place, emotional in fifth place and social in sixth place. It is concluded that; Sports coaches in Hamadan province in all sports need scientific and managerial training according to the training of personality traits and these three priorities are considered by the trainers for training, respectively.</p> 2021-02-27T15:21:19-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Education and cultural differences: boundary educational practices in basic education 2021-06-16T11:52:48-03:00 Maria Helena da Silva Reis Santos Jane Adriana Vasconcelos Pacheco Rios <p>The text addresses the meaning policies regarding boundaries and cultural negotiation produced in the educational practices of Basic Education teachers in the relation with the cultural differences that trespass everyday school life. It is part of a study aimed at understanding how Primary Education teachers signify cultural differences in their educational practices. It is a qualitative study with an (auto)biographical approach, in dialogue with the Cultural Studies in education, using educational practice journals, narrative interviews, and the biographical workshop for collecting information.&nbsp; The study revealed the experience with the differences in school in articulation with the cultural changes woven by clashes, conflicts, affirmation, denial, and negotiations. The results pointed towards different boundary spaces in the relationship between Education and differences, in which the movement and negotiation of meanings are essential to the formative process of teachers and students. Regarding the educational practice, the teachers narrate their experiences by placing them between the rigid boundary, with limitations, free from conflicts, denial, or resignation with differences; and the moving boundary, with the construction of spaces so that differences can be triggered, challenged, and problematized.</p> 2021-02-27T10:28:12-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Art, experience and alterity: reflections in the horizon of ethical and aesthetic education 2021-04-24T22:46:15-03:00 Maria Regina Johann <p>Oriented by the theoretical perspective of philosophical hermeneutics, this text addresses the ethical and aesthetic dimension of education, and it has the arts teaching as a reflexive field, emphasizing the artistic experience as a possibility for knowledge and self-awareness beyond the instrumental rationality frameworks. I emphasize, therefore, the artistic experience as an opportunity of (re) approximation among the student, the work and the artist as a way of self-investigation in the field of authorship, with reference to the experimentation of the artistic game and the tensions of the creative process. This creative process triggers a dialogue, which would be in the basis of ethics, since the moral action would be based in the process of co-creation of the aesthetic experience in relation to the work of art.</p> 2021-03-17T17:25:21-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Innovation-driven growth in the regions of the Russian federation and the activities of national research universities: analysis of relationship 2021-04-24T22:46:13-03:00 Irina Stanislavovna Glebova Svetlana Sergeevna Berman Ruslan Agarunovich Abramov Ilya Nikolaevich Lvov <p>The university funding programs focused on regional economic development and “smart specialization” goals are focused on “discovering entrepreneurial potential”, which employs the instrument of a structured dialogue among four key actors in the innovation process: public authorities, business structures, research organizations, and representatives of the civil society. The authors analyze the relationship between the results of the activities of national research universities (NRUs) in Russia and the dynamics of innovation-driven growth of the regions in which they are located, based on their methods. The purpose of the study is to search for new tools for interaction between universities and actors of regional innovation-driven growth.</p> 2021-04-24T22:44:29-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Higher education strategies for the 21st century: philosophical foundations and the humanist approach 2021-05-12T16:56:44-03:00 Yurii Mielkov Ivan Bakhov Olha Bilyakovska Larysa Kostenko Tamara Nych <p>The paper is dedicated to a philosophical consideration of the transformation strategies for higher education, particularly those revealed by the current Covid-19 pandemic. The situation of the latter is presented as a particular form of the general VUCA characteristics of the today’s world of uncertainty, unpredictability and qualitative complexity (‘supercomplexity’). It is argued that the main result of our acknowledgement of the VUCA situation in the world for higher education is the image of the developed human personality becoming the main value and at the same time the main goal of higher education. Under the conditions of volatility and ambiguity, any existing ‘ready-made’ knowledge, as well as any instructions for effective rational behavior, turns to be inadequate. Because of that, it is no longer sufficient to have a set of ‘competences’ as a final result of the educational process at today’s university. Higher education has to turn to developing in its graduates certain multidisciplinary qualities, like critical independent thinking and ability to create one’s own knowledge, up to aiming at an all-round development of cultured personality. The paper argues that the education of critical and creative thinking is closely related to the transition to student-centered learning, as each individual student is to become a full-powered subject of the educational process according to one’s own interests, abilities and curricula, with the role of a teacher starting to resemble that of a moderator, the one who is to help his or her undergraduates to navigate through the vast ocean of available information in order for them to choose and to create their own, personal knowledge. The latter task is especially enforced by the distant and online learning having become popular during the Covid-19 pandemic: that form of learning puts especially high demands on self-discipline and self-responsibility of a student’s personality, while presenting itself as rather a supplement than a replacement to more traditional forms of higher education with personal communication between student and teacher.</p> 2021-04-24T23:09:34-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Political formation in the bojo of university pedagogy: implications in the formation of future teachers 2021-04-24T23:34:31-03:00 Fabrício Oliveira da Silva Maria da Conceição Oliveira Lopes Jescilda Ferreira de Macedo Santana <p>Partindo do pressuposto de que a formação política orienta a vida coletiva e demanda instrumentalizar o sujeito para a construção de uma sociedade justa, democrática e inclusiva e de que a participação na escola gera aprendizado político para a participação na sociedade em geral, esse trabalho analisou como a docência universitária tece processos de formação crítica, política dos discentes em formação, de modo a impactar nas práticas educativas futuras da escola básica. A pesquisa trilhou no lastro da discussão sobre educação política, pedagogia universitária, enveredando pelos aportes da metodologia qualitativa, com opção pela entrevista semiestruturada. Os sujeitos participantes foram nove estudantes concluintes dos cursos de licenciatura de uma universidade pública estadual. A análise dos dados realizada, mediante a técnica Análise Temática, permite concluir que a formação política não ocupa o centro das preocupações da pedagogia universitária, ficando as questões de urgência social suplantadas pelo engessamento do currículo. O debate vem à tona com afinco apenas na disciplina específica ao final do curso, distorcendo, assim, o conceito de política como prática necessariamente cotidiana.</p> 2021-04-24T23:33:07-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação The methodology of the creation of a flowchart of teacher professional development programme in functional literacy aspect 2021-04-25T16:04:34-03:00 Anna Sukhodimtseva Marina Sergeeva Dmitry Lukashenko Matvey Pyankov <p>The study has been directed to the teacher professional development perfection problem in functional literacy aspect as an integral part of holistic educational process to increase student efficiency, in compliance with the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment. The purpose is to research the historical content of the functional literacy phenomenon and approaches to a programme flowchart for teacher professional development education. A flowchart of the programme of teacher professional development has been elaborated to create an e-platform to enable teachers to master a competence-based model for further teaching and projecting educational process to form relevant functional literacy of students.</p> 2021-04-25T16:02:03-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Club-based format of teaching Russian as foreign language to Chinese students 2021-04-25T16:19:13-03:00 Svetlana Yrievna Zalutskaya <p>The study deals with the issue of applying the communicative club format for organizing leisure, educational, and cultural activities for foreign students interested in the Russian language. The authors describe the structural and content model of the Almaz Russian-language Russian-Chinese communication club created based on centers for the Russian language, literature, and culture at the Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University. The model includes target, technological, and content components and implementation mechanisms. The authors conclude that interactive technologies of leisure show great potential for developing foreign students' communicative competence and creative abilities and enriching the individual with knowledge about the traditional culture of peoples inhabiting the multicultural territory of Russia.</p> 2021-04-25T16:17:55-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Areas of modernization of preparation of future elementary school teachers in the countries of the European community 2021-05-01T19:23:07-03:00 Zinovii Onyshkiv Yaroslava Kodliuk Tetiana Lesina Olena Malyna Nadya Kichuk <p>The article describes the directions of modernization of preparation of future elementary school teachers in the countries of the European Community, analyzes the normative documents, which reflect the basic requirements for professional pedagogical training. The ways of standardization of elementary school teachers training in pedagogical colleges at the pedagogical faculties of universities are distinguished: national standard of qualified teacher, national curriculum, criteria for professional and pedagogical readiness of the university graduates are defined and reflected in their qualification characteristics. Psychological-pedagogical component, which includes a cycle of psycho-pedagogical disciplines, is recognized as a priority in the professional training of teachers. A characteristic feature of professional pedagogical training is two-phase – academic and practical training, two-stage system of training: at the level of bachelor and master. The tendency to reduce the number of pedagogical colleges and their accession to universities is indicated. The integration of pedagogical education of the countries of the European Community is characterized and the principles of development of the European educational space are named. Four paradigms that coexist in the educational systems of European countries are distinguished: academic-traditional, technological, individual, and research-oriented. The role of pedagogical practice in the system of preparation of future primary school teachers in the countries of Europe is characterized, its types and duration are distinguished.</p> 2021-05-01T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Digital teaching skills: comparative study in higher education 2021-04-25T17:00:55-03:00 Gloria Milagros Torres Molina Míriam Liliana Flores Coronado Carlos Fabian Falcon July Rivera-Zamudio Luis Alberto Núñez Lira <p>Research entitled Comparative study of the teacher's digital competencies since the perception of students from four Senati locations, Lima-2020 was intended to establish the significant differences in digital competences between teachers of the different senati headquarters, located in Lima Metropolitana and Callao; the work followed the quantitative methodology, descriptive, comparative and explanatory level; the population was 4440 students with a random sample stratified of 354; the instrument was subjected to the reliability and validity of both content and construct. The main results established that at least two population means are different, as indicated by the p value (0,000) and F (11,819). Lima Cercado's headquarters were also shown to perform better compared to the other headquarters.</p> 2021-04-25T16:59:33-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação The discipline of history and the technologies: a challenge for the present time 2021-04-25T18:28:38-03:00 Simone Weber Cardoso Schneider Adriana Duarte Leon <p>Based on the understanding that the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can contribute positively to the meaning of historical knowledge and to the motivation of students in the school environment, we investigate, in the Middle School level, from public schools, in the city of Pelotas/RS, how History teachers perceive ICT and how they are used in their pedagogical practice. Considering the number of teachers that we wanted to access and the short time for conducting the research, we opted for the application of an inquiry with the teachers of the specific area and we obtained a return of 68% of the teachers. We found that they identify students' motivation when ICT are used in the school environment; however, its use is limited by the lack of structural resources in the institutions and by the lack of continuing education for educators on the use of ICT in pedagogical practice.</p> 2021-04-25T18:27:33-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Scientific literacy: a key part of school contexts 2021-05-01T17:07:51-03:00 Stefanny Colonia Cerna Doris Fuster-Guillén Angélica Sánchez Castro Hugo Wálter Maldonado Leyva Teodoro Víctor Cabezas Ramírez <p>The work conducted a bibliographic review on alphabetization scientific, which is understood as the ability to use scientific knowledge in order to understand and help make decisions about the actual world. It also sought to explain the evolution of the dimensions of scientific literacy and to present theoretical proposals for methodological strategies to help improve it. Articles, doctoral theses and PIS test reports were reviewed to reach&nbsp; two&nbsp;&nbsp; conclusions:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1) it is essential to develop the four dimensions of scientific literacy, because, in this way,&nbsp; scientifically literate students will be trained; that is, they are able to become world that goes through constant scientific and technological and 2) it is necessary to update the teaching-learning strategies&nbsp; by&nbsp; those that are part of the so-called&nbsp; active methodology such as discovery learning,&nbsp; research-based learning and&nbsp; project-based learning.</p> 2021-05-01T16:44:43-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação University didactics and their relationship with the development of research skills in students of the National University of San Martín 2021-05-01T17:07:48-03:00 Ibis López-Novoa Manuel Padilla-Guzmán Santiago Gallarday-Morales Ángel Luna Santos <p>The study was carried out with a sample of 30 teachers&nbsp;&nbsp; and 30 speakers from the VIII, IX and X cycle of the Language Studies Program of&nbsp;&nbsp; the Faculty of Education and Humanities of the National University of San Martín, Tarapoto. In this context, implementing scientific ally conceived university didactics is a fundamental element of professional&nbsp;&nbsp; transformation of teachers and the improvement of the training practice they develop. One of the fundamental conditions for improving the quality of university teaching lies, in our view, in making possible a substantive change in the configuration of the professional identity of university teachers. In the light of these considerations, studies that provide theoretical modelling on investigative skills are insufficient since most theoretical and empirical results focus, specifically, on the training of a profession. The careers with the greatest presence in the subject are Medicine and Bachelor of Education. In the case of the latter, the most repeated object of study is initial investigative or postgraduate training. In the research, it was raised that the act of the situation between university didactics at the National University of San Martín–Tarapoto and the development of research skills inherent in students of the VIII, IX and X cycle of the Language Studies Program are significantly related. A correlational descriptive study was conducted; theoretical methods of induction, analysis, synthesis, as well as empirical measurement methods were used, as well as statistical methods and individual survey techniques. For statistical contrast of the hypothesis, Pearson's statistical correlation technique was used; hypothesis test, there is statistical evidence with a significance level of 5%. The conclusions shape the validity of the hypotheses.</p> 2021-05-01T17:06:39-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Socio-emotional education: paths to inspire studies, research and practices 2021-05-01T22:00:15-03:00 Eugenia de Paula Benício Cordeiro Morgana Marcelly Costa Marques Mayara Thayana Neves Costa <p>This article presents findings of a bibliographic research which had as its scope identifying social and emotional skills proposed by different authors from this field. More specifically, it aimed to: classifying social and emotional skills by domains of competencies; detailing the skills related to self-awareness, focusing on the emotional dimension; proposing a lesson plan for promoting self-awareness in the classroom. The findings have shown that: by detailing social and emotional skills per competence, it may contribute to guide pedagogical activities based on theoretical pinpoints; deepening the theoretical foundations of emotions is essential for understanding the process of self-awareness; creating pedagogical sequences coherent and consistent with social and emotional development, requires the exercise of transposing theory into practice, respecting each educator’s singularities according to his/her reality in class.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2021-05-01T20:22:23-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Integration of competencies to the curriculum lines of the Professional School of Art 2021-05-01T18:26:40-03:00 Pedro Rolando Apolo Valdivia Fernando Esteban Núñez Vara Francis Díaz Flores Felipe Guizado Oscco <p>This article includes in essence the revision of the curriculum structure in force at the Professional School of Art of the University of San Marcos, where the curriculum has been analyzed&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; in detail, with the intention of showing the articulation of competences and their proper integration into the curricular lines that make up the educational program of the career. Also, for this purpose has it been prevailing to observe the egress profile, since only through the proper identification of the process’s evaluation can measure the achievement of skills, skills and skills required in artistic training. The study is based on the curriculum design strategies proposed by the authors Becerra and La Serna (2019).</p> 2021-05-01T17:27:08-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação The bibliographical review as a research methodology 2021-05-01T18:27:05-03:00 Yolvi Ocaña-Fernández Doris Fuster-Guillén <p>The bibliographic review article is a methodology of observational research, retrospective, systematica ,oriented to the selection, analysis, interpretation and discussion of theoretical positions, results and conclusions embodied in scientific articles disclosed in recent years on a topic of choice in order to obtain relevant information that contributes&nbsp; to the solution of problems. The purpose of the study was to explain the principles, importance, functions and phases or stages of the literature review article that provides university students and professionals with a methodological alternative in conducting research work. The methodology has revised scientific information dating from&nbsp; 1987 onwards,&nbsp; the cues were subjected to validity and reliability as provided by the information, the information derived from databases was considered: Scopus, Web of Science, among others. The principle of bibliographic narrative, conceptualization, quality indicators, review article steps such as the topic or title of the article of review, bibliographic search, organization of information and the writing of the article was explained. It is concluded that the bibliographic review article is a scientific article structure that is developed on the basis of an analysis of research related&nbsp; to a particular problem or information gap.</p> 2021-05-01T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação A model of forming polylingual speech culture and communicative competence as a condition for teachers’ training 2021-05-01T22:00:14-03:00 Sandugash Kairkhanovna Moldabekova Aigul Zhumageldinovna Sakhariyeva Kulzhanat Nurymzhanovna Bulatbayeva Dlimbetova Gaini Karekeevna Zhukenova Alma Karisovna <p>The article addresses the issue of development of Kazakh, Russian and English languages in Kazakhstan. For this purpose, the authors give a definition of the types of bilingualism and polylingualism. The paper focuses on the significance of modeling of the educational process, the use of effective methods and technologies, gradual formation of foreign language speech culture and communicative competence. The model of multilingual teachers’ training is presented as a combination of motivational-value, content and technological components. In accordance with this, experimental work was conducted in three Kazakh universities. The result of the experiment is a polylingual speech culture and communicative competence of the future teachers within the selected scope of educational material. Another achievement in the experiment is the professional readiness of undergraduates to develop an integrated educational process for the formation of foreign language communicative competence, an ability to apply the concepts of the learning in educational process and justify them in a discussion. In the course of the study, the authors came to a conclusion that future teachers should have an integrated competence: knowledge of a foreign language and linguodidactic skills to plan classes in a foreign language.</p> 2021-05-01T21:17:13-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Training in the sphere of computational informatics as a condition of developing the informational-computational competence of a would-be informatics teacher 2021-05-01T22:00:11-03:00 Guldina Bolshevikovna Kamalova Bakhytkul Kaskatayeva Shirinkyz Tileubergenovna Shekerbekova Yelena Anatolievna Kisselyova Makhabbat Izbasarovna Revshenova <p>The huge computational resources of the modern computers are used mainly to solve the problems arising in various applied spheres during mathematical modeling of real objects. These issues are researched in computational informatics. A would-be informatics teacher must have knowledge of it, master the methods of numerical modeling, and be able to teach it to schoolchildren, broadening their knowledge about the possible spheres of using a computer. The informational-computational competence, manifested as the ability and preparedness of a would-be informatics teacher to solve computational problems on a computer and to teach schoolchildren to do it, is one of the most important components of their professional competence. To identify the structure and content of the informational-computational competence of a would-be informatics teacher and to develop the methodology of their training in the sphere of computational informatics ensuring its development. Competence and context approaches to education are used, as well as the concept of funding pedagogical education, as the most effective approaches to developing the informational-computational competence of a would-be informatics teacher. The research result is the structural-logical model of the development the informational-computational competence of a would-be informatics teacher during their training in the sphere of computational informatics and the teaching methodology developed on its basis. Implementation of the proposed methodology in teaching computational informatics can provide a would-be informatics teacher with the necessary knowledge and facilitate the development of the informational-computational competence.</p> 2021-05-01T21:58:54-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Project-collective management as a development factor of the school staff 2021-05-02T01:30:52-03:00 Alexey Mikhalovich Kamenskiy Sergey Nikolaevich Kariagin <p>The article deals with the organization of the collective project activities at school. Leading projects, described in the article, fit into the program for the extracurricular work development. We emphasized the importance of social partnership, interaction with creative unions of the city, public associations, sports societies, etc. A new effective model of interaction between subjects of educational activity is proposed in the framework of the long-term socially-oriented projects implementation, containing educational, cultural and developmental potential. As an additional effect, we noted the development of leadership abilities of participants in educational relations.</p> 2021-05-02T00:55:04-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Psychological and pedagogical research of the axiosphere of the younger generation as one of the activities of the Technopark 2021-05-02T01:30:49-03:00 Alexander Mikhailovich Gerashchenko Tatyana Leonidovna Shaposhnikova Oksana Roaldovna Tuchina Olga Antonovna Gordienko Alena Yuryevna Egorova <p>Additional, creatively oriented education of the younger generation of Russians in school technoparks requires studying the characteristics of Generation Z. The values were compared as noted by respondents (1st-year students and university entrants) among different generations of Russians: their own world (the world of children), the world of parents and the world of grandparents. All the three generations are dominated by being oriented towards hard work, study, mutual assistance both within the global environment and within a small society, that is, within family. These positions are represented by the phraseological layers of the language, which indicates their presence in the Russian national value worldview. In the world of parents and in that of children, the emergence of new groups of values ​​ absent in the world of grandparents is recorded: orientation towards consumer values, perceived from advertising in the media, and at the same time the extinction of the value of serving the homeland. A new value stands out in the world of children – a humorous approach to life problems, which can be considered global because it contains quotations from world literature and borrowed phraseological units. This value is distinguished by an optimistic view of the world and the role of man in it, which is characteristic of youth. The research results allow asserting that Generation Z is ready to be creative and is oriented towards technology. Taking into account the peculiarities of the generation allows scientifically organizing educational leisure activities in technoparks.</p> 2021-05-02T01:29:41-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação A compilation on the application dimension of creative drama and bibliotherapy method in education 2021-05-11T12:20:43-03:00 Şengül Başarı Seçil Besim Ayhan <p>Creative drama and bibliotherapy are among the most frequently mentioned methods in the field of education recently. The applicability of Creative Drama as a method in many areas is revealed by different studies, and bibliotherapy is becoming widespread as an effective method, especially in the fields of Guidance and Psychological Counseling, Psychology and Psychiatry. From this point of view, the objective of this study is to synthesize and display the importance and field of application of these two methods through different studies and to contribute to the formation of a perspective as regards the usage of these methods by educators. For this purpose, a review was prepared by examining the studies on creative drama and bibliotherapy. Descriptive survey method was used in the research. National and international literature was surveyed and the articles obtained as a result of the research were evaluated and interpreted in general.</p> 2021-05-11T12:19:27-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Talk between Dussel and Forner-Betancourt: dialogue between philosophical knowledge, interculturality and indigenous school education 2021-05-23T15:24:31-03:00 Henrique Moraes Júnior Ivanilde Apoluceno de Oliveira <p>Summary The article focuses on Enrique Dussel's Philosophy of Liberation, with the aim of reflecting on the articulation between modernity, the Eurocentric paradigm and the world paradigm. In this sense, the article develops the discussion on rationality and irrationality of modernity (myth of modernity) and its transmodernity (overcoming), as it is directly related to the question of the negative dialectical method with the negation of otherness - of indigenous populations - in philosophical systems. Eurocentric totality and points out the analytical movement as overcoming, expanding and liberating the negative dialectical method. It also outlines the intercultural philosophy of Rául Fornet-Betancourt, which aims at a symmetrical dialogue between philosophical knowledge. It is inferred, from the Liberation of the Other as Alterity and Interculturality, the concrete existence of a dialogical relationship between philosophical knowledge, enabling greater cosmological, philosophical and educational enrichment, as well as the teaching of intercultural philosophy in indigenous schools. In this study, the bibliographic review is the methodological strategy used.</p> 2021-05-23T15:23:12-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Between inclusion and exclusion: Teachers’ reflections about students with autism in public school 2021-05-24T11:34:30-03:00 Yago Melo de Lima Tânia Regina Lobato dos Santos Rejane de Assis Oliveira Monteiro <p>This paper writes about the reflections of four ordinary teachers and one special education teacher, of a public school in the school inclusion context. Analyze the reflections in relation to the acceptance and reception of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in the school environment. The problem to be solved is the following: how do the acceptance and reception of students with ASD occur in the school? It configures in a snippet of a qualitative and field research based on Teixeira (2010) and Oliveira (2012), developed in a public school in the municipal education system located in Belém-PA in 2017. The theoretical contribution of the investigation was anchored on Orrú (2012, 2016) and Mantoan (2013, 2015), that study and research about autism and school inclusion. The reflections of the five teachers reveal alarming situations, such as resistance to accepting and welcoming of students with autism in the school context, because some factors interfere in the classroom and school routine, which calls the need of this space to reflect and revise his pedagogical proposal. However, the research also reveals educational situations that enable the school inclusion.</p> 2021-05-24T11:33:09-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Evaluation of requests at the hotline established by Trnc Higher Education and foreign relations Office in Covid 19 pandemic process 2021-05-28T14:04:47-03:00 Seçil Besim Ayhan Şengül Başarı Ziya Öztürkler Senem İnce <p>In accordance with the new social order required by the new type corona virus, several areas such as education, health, culture and transportation continue to transform with the social policies followed by states. The states, where the virus has spread and affected the whole world, make new regulations in the context of social policy and develop new models. In this case, it is seen that a link is established between politics and biological life. Depending on biological processes, governments focus on the needs of the era and social life. Thus, it is observed that a "bio-political" transformation is under construction. After the Covid 19 pandemic, all governments have imposed new social regulations so that they can implement education policies as an effective social government policy. In this regard, the statements that it would be the right decision to interrupt face-to-face education for a while in educational institutions came to the fore. In addition, the necessity of taking social measures in order not to keep students away from education and to ensure the continuity of education was also among the issues emphasized. From this point of view, the aim of the study is to evaluate and interpret the requests submitted by university students studying in our country during the Covid 19 pandemic to the hotline established by the TRNC Higher Education and Foreign Relations Office (YÖDİD). The study was carried out with a qualitative method and uses a case study design. Hotline reports were used as data collection tools. Findings obtained were interpreted by descriptive analysis. Requests between 07 April - 17 May 2020 have been included in the research. Support requests focused on issues such as return to the country, food, online education problems, payment problems and scholarship.</p> 2021-05-28T14:02:51-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Areas of Modernization of Preparation of Future Elementary School Teachers in the Countries of the European Community 2021-05-28T16:11:49-03:00 Zinovii Onyshkiv Yaroslava Kodliuk Tetiana Lesina Olena Malyna Nadya Kichuk <p>The article describes the directions of modernization of preparation of future elementary school teachers in the countries of the European Community, analyzes the normative documents, which reflect the basic requirements for professional pedagogical training. The ways of standardization of elementary school teachers training in pedagogical colleges at the pedagogical faculties of universities are distinguished: national standard of qualified teacher, national curriculum, criteria for professional and pedagogical readiness of the university graduates are defined and reflected in their qualification characteristics. Psychological-pedagogical component, which includes a cycle of psycho-pedagogical disciplines, is recognized as a priority in the professional training of teachers. A characteristic feature of professional pedagogical training is two-phase – academic and practical training, two-stage system of training: at the level of bachelor and master. The tendency to reduce the number of pedagogical colleges and their accession to universities is indicated. The integration of pedagogical education of the countries of the European Community is characterized and the principles of development of the European educational space are named. Four paradigms that coexist in the educational systems of European countries are distinguished: academic-traditional, technological, individual, and research-oriented. The role of pedagogical practice in the system of preparation of future primary school teachers in the countries of Europe is characterized, its types and duration are distinguished.</p> 2021-05-28T16:00:01-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação Colonial education in Icó-CE: educational process of the first inhabitants (1599-1759) 2021-06-05T11:55:24-03:00 Paulo Rogério de Lima Sílvia Maria Nóbrega-Therrien Cesar Augusto Sadalla Pinto <p>This article aimed to (re)constitute historic aspects of the educational process in Icó – CE, with emphases in the education of the local inhabitants, from 1599 to 1759, that is situated in the Brazilian colonial period. Therefore, it was realized a documental study, exploring some writings by local authors as Couto (1962) and Lima (1995). Education in Icó in Brazil Colonia was not a peaceful process. On contrary, it was in the beginning characterized by tensions, violence and resistance, because the native Indians insisted on defending their territory against European invaders. The religious indoctrination was a way used by determinators to subjugate native people culturally of Brazilian territory. The construction of Nossa Senhora da Expectação Church, in 1709, was a fundamental milestone to stabilization of the educating priests and organization of village routine.</p> 2021-06-05T11:52:07-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação