Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação <p>Escopo: A <strong>Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação</strong> é uma publicação de acesso aberto do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação da Universidade Federal de Sergipe, dedica-se a publicar em fluxo contínuo artigos originais, fomentando e facilitando o intercâmbio acadêmico da área de educação no âmbito nacional e internacional. É um periódico de acesso aberto sem pagamento de taxa ou custos de processamento de artigos (envio, revisão, edição e publicação). Suas áreas prioritárias são: História da Educação; Conhecimento e Cultura; Educação e Comunicação; Educação e Diversidade e Formação de Professores.<br><strong>E-ISSN</strong>: 2358-1425</p> pt-BR <p>À Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação&nbsp;ficam reservados os direitos autorais pertinentes a todos os artigos nela publicados. A Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação&nbsp;utiliza a licença&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl=";source=gmail&amp;ust=1573124042104000&amp;usg=AFQjCNFBN71RTVjRZPlX0Zt77JDY4tuz9A"></a>&nbsp;(CC BY), que permite o compartilhamento do artigo com o reconhecimento da autoria.</p> (Alfrancio Ferreira Dias) (Alfrancio Ferreira Dias) qua, 20 jan 2021 18:03:32 -0300 OJS 60 Virtuality in university teaching-learning versus COVID-19 <p>The research aimed to analyze the use of virtual resources in teaching-learning in times of pandemic at the Daniel Alcides Carrion National University. The methodology used was of qualitative approach through field work to explain the behaviors assumed in the processes of learning management by students and teachers. The information was collected through various techniques such as observation of virtual classes, documentary analysis, and focus groups with students, unstructured interviews and, in depth, with experts in the subject that allowed us to conduct the discussion and triangulation. The results allowed us to affirm that students recognize the importance of technology and the use of ICTs for their professional training; in addition, students and teachers have been demonstrating high levels of value, responsibility and commitment to their learning.</p> José Néstor Sánchez Morales, Edith Eloísa Huerta León, Oriana Rivera-Lozada, Miriam Liliana Flores Coronado, Luis Alberto Núñez Lira Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 20 jan 2021 17:54:55 -0300 Management in strengthening social- emotional competence during health emergencies <p>The COVID-19 pandemic has led to compulsory confinement, which has determined that classes are held at a distance and has highlighted the weaknesses of our school system, for example, in the development of socio-emotional competence, which would serve as a support for dealing with this health emergency context. That is why the management will be important to seek a rapprochement with the educational community by making use of this competence. The objective of this study is to identify the incidence of management to strengthen social-emotional competence during a health emergency. The method used is of quantitative approach; a census sample of 84 directors belonging to private institutions of regular basic education was used, applying as an instrument a Likert type questionnaire, which was processed with the SPSS 24 program, which gave a 95% confidence range and a significant p value &lt; 0.05. The results were obtained according to the ranges used: low, acceptable, expected and outstanding. In the explanatory and descriptive statistical processing of the study variables, the predominant level is expected. Therefore, it was concluded that the incidence of the directive management with respect to the strengthening of the social-emotional competence during the sanitary emergency is favorable.</p> Aracelli del Carmen Gonzales Sánchez, Nancy Rita Trujillo Mariño, Ivonne Luz Ruiz Pelayo, Yolvi Ocaña-Fernández Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 20 jan 2021 20:01:54 -0300 Practices with the experiment of the “body fall” with the use of the smartphone stopwatch and with the use of video analysis <p>This study had as main objective to analyze the perceptions of middle school students about the limits and possibilities of using the smartphone's stopwatch and video analysis, through the Tracker software, to explore the phenomenon of falling bodies. For that, a teaching sequence with six stages was proposed and developed in four classes of the 1st grade of High School. This is a qualitative research, of the participant type of research, whose data collection strategies were participant observation and the use of questionnaires. The emerging data were treated in the light of the Discursive Textual Analysis. As main results, it was possible to verify that the students recognized different ways of producing science, meant science as a human product, appropriated different ways of scientific language, recognized the limits and potentialities of the first method, the second and the association between Those.</p> Emanuelly Torres Nunes, Ivanderson Pereira da Silva Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qui, 21 jan 2021 00:00:00 -0300 Sociodemographic factors associated with academic goals in university students in times of the COVID-19 Pandemic <p>Motivational processes in students are oriented to the fulfillment of academic goals, therefore, it is one of the significant variables of the study, for this, a student-centered approach was adopted. The present research set out to determine the association of sociodemographic factors with the academic goals of university students from a private university; The sample consisted of 1,400 students from the Health career: 659 (47.1%) were male and 741 (52.9%) were female; The approach was quantitative, of the substantive type, descriptive level, under the non-experimental cross-sectional design; a sociodemographic record was used. Regarding academic goals, the CMA questionnaire was administered. The results showed that the academic goals are associated with the variables sex, age, school of origin and hours of study of the students who participated, since the significance was p &lt;0.05. The data obtained allowed to qualify and quantify the importance of motivation as a transcendent component for the fulfillment of the proposed objectives.</p> Jessica Paola Palacios Garay, Jorge Luis Escalante Flores, Juan Carlos Chumacero Calle, Jaime Tamashiro-Tamashiro Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qui, 21 jan 2021 12:24:41 -0300 Micro worlds: learning about probabilities in simulated contexts <p>In this study, the learning processes of the concepts of the probability topic are based on the use and simulation of the micro world tools by the learning actors, who demonstrated creativity, selection of the objects visible in the interface, and the introduction of basic programming principles associated with the topic in question. For the development of the study, we proceeded by the experimental design of a pre-experimental type of an intact group made up of 50 students from the 5th academic semester of the Professional School of Education of a Public University. The data were collected by an academic test before and after the experimentation, to later be processed and analyzed through the Student's t-statistic expression for related samples, reaching the following conclusion. The experimentation with micro worlds as active learning strategies based on the theory of constructionism, presents a high degree of interactivity associated with sounds, silhouettes, graphics and activities, which allowed to promote the conceptualization, resolution of exercises and problems of the topic in an experiential way in environments natural simulated by the computer.</p> Angel Salvatierra Melgar, José Nieto Gamboa, César Daniel Escuza Mesías, Paola Gissella Orozco-Vargas, Linda Shardin-Flores Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qui, 21 jan 2021 00:00:00 -0300 Foreign Internships as A Factor of Foreign Language Teachers’ Professional Development <p>The aim of the study is to find ways to expand teacher efficacy by participating in foreign internships. Survey methods were used to collect the data from students. Descriptive statistics was used to examine the overall trends in foreign language teachers’ professional development. Thus, passing a training abroad leads to the development and improvement of language, professional, and cultural competencies of not only teachers, but also students; improving the skills of teachers, their motivation; increasing not only the prestige of the educational organization, but also the publication activity of university employees in world scientific publications; improving educational technologies. And most importantly, students, as direct participants of the educational process, are more than satisfied with their results. The article is of interest for the foreign language teachers.</p> Galina V. Tretyakova, Natalya V. Chernyishkova, Rosaria Rosaria Filone Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sex, 22 jan 2021 00:00:00 -0300 Regulation of professional and labor relations of university teachers: international practice and national characteristics <p>The present article is focused on a general analysis of labor relations in a modern university, as well as on the study of some specific characteristics of these relations. In recent decades, economic policy in higher education has changed significantly in different countries of the world. The goal of the study is to analyze modern approaches to regulating the labor status of a university teacher and its elements. The authors investigate the history of the transformations of higher education since the 1990s which resulted in higher education turning from the sphere of human capital production into an independent branch of the service sector. The article shows that, as a result of the higher education system reforms, changes in university management, the system of labor relations, and the socio-economic status of university teachers are taking place. Various university management models are explored. It is demonstrated that in the modern setting, internal control is replaced by external control, academic freedom is pushed aside by administration, and academic standards are modified and replaced by formal rules. These reforms are accompanied by major changes in labor relations and the role of management and teaching staff in universities. Various examples of the construction of labor relations with teachers adopted in different countries are studied. Close attention is paid to approaches to stimulating teaching activities. In the light of the current difficult situation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the problems of labor relations aggravated with the transition to distance and blended learning are considered. The drawbacks preventing a higher quality of higher education in Russia are identified. Proposals for improving the regulation of labor relations in the field of higher education aimed at improving its quality are presented.</p> Umalt Umarovich Abdulkadyrov, Olga Anatolevna Pak, Sergey Anatolyevich Makushkin Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sex, 22 jan 2021 15:48:17 -0300 The influence of art and artistic and creative activities on the quality of information assimilation (complementary semantic approach in education) <p>Based on the analysis of studies from various areas of scientific knowledge, the article identifies the resources of art and artistic and creative activities having a positive impact on the development of human intellect, creativity, and mental health. The factors and conditions of the beneficial effect of art and artistic and creative activities on the quality of assimilated information are examined. The opportunity for incorporating the languages and methods of art into education is presented by the complementary semantic approach complementary-semantic approach, which, due to the complementarity of the languages of science and art, is aimed at generating different types of thinking (concrete, symbolic, sign, visual, associative, creative) the synthesis of which allows developing the independence of thinking and the skills of social adaptation and collective problem-solving.</p> Irina E. Kashekova, Elena S. Medkova, Elena N. Piryazeva Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sex, 22 jan 2021 17:14:58 -0300 Cuerpo sexualidad y adolescencia: continuidades y rupturas en instituciones públicas y privadas del departamento del Meta: apuntes para pensar el cuerpo la sexualidad y la adolescencia en la escuela <p>Este projeto de pesquisa visa estabelecer em uma primeira fase como jovens adolescentes descrevem sua sexualidade através de seus corpos. Para isso, foi necessário abordar, por um lado, como categorias conceituais, os conceitos de corpo e educação sexual. Em segundo lugar, os conceitos foram chegados de jovem e sexualidade desde está relacionado com a fase de vida dentro que as mocidades adolescentes são, aproximadamente entre os 15 e 19 anos que pertencem a um ambiente familiar, meninos que freqüentam a escola de um modo permanente que você / eles tem iniciado uma vida sexual (namoro) e que ultimamente eles mantêm uma sociabilidadeativa entre a escola, a família e os espaços diários sociais. Para tal efetua, um foco qualitativo era simulado devido a seu caráter descritivo, todas estas manifestações serão descritas inicialmente por questionários / entrevista. (Jones 2010). Em troca os resultados deste projeto permitirão contribuir indicações para descrever como eles concebessem a sexualidade as mocidades pelos corpos deles/delas nas instituições educacionais das municipalidades de Villavicencio, Acacías, Granada, Puerto Gaitán e Restrepo. O que permitirá ter um trabalho exploratório para continuar com a segunda fase da investigação muito mais compreensiva de caráter.</p> Armando Acuña Pineda Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 23 jan 2021 20:09:28 -0300 Method of designing technology for future teacher intellectual work culture formation <p>Relevance of the problem under study is due to the need for monitoring diagnostics of the intellectual work culture formation of future teacher and the lack of development of specific ways, approaches and conditions of technology as a way of its qualitative design. The purpose of the article is to develop a method for designing the technology for forming the future teacher's intellectual work culture in line with the anthropological paradigm and testing it. Research methods: the leading method of researching this problem is modeling a method of designing technology, which allows analyzing the methodological, theoretical, technological and practical ways, approaches and conditions for future teacher intellectual work culture formation. Results of the research: the article presents a method of designing technology for future teacher intellectual work culture formation, consisting of differentiation of ways, psychological and pedagogical conditions, and effective approaches established through monitoring diagnostics and determining the goal of its concept in line with the anthropological paradigm. Practical significance: The method of designing technology for future teacher intellectual work culture formation is aimed at transforming specific types of activity of the students on the basis of quality determination, the efficiency and effectiveness of the ways policies and conditions by means of monitoring diagnostics.</p> Alexandr Albertovich Mukhametshin, Ramis Rafagatovich Nasibullov, Valentina Khamitovna Adilova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 16 fev 2021 09:35:22 -0300 Education institution activity for student’s language rights and ethno-cultural needs <p>The study considers the problem of management process of an educational institution activity to meet the language rights and ethno-cultural needs of students. The relevance of the research is due to the lack of problem development and the lack of an effective model for managing the educational process to ensure the language rights and ethno-cultural needs of students. The respondents of the study were the students of National presidential boarding school, where a management model of an educational organization activity was created and tested. Firstly, the initial level of formation of teachers’ readiness for educational activity to meet the language rights and ethno-cultural needs of students in a boarding school for gifted children was revealed. Various diagnostic methods were used to specify the components of teachers’ readiness to teach children to meet the language rights and ethno-cultural needs. The original results are presented in the study and show dynamics after the implementation of the developed management model of an educational organization activity to meet the language rights and ethno-cultural needs of students. The model can be implemented in different educational organizations.</p> Irina Terentyeva, Svetlana Fedorova, Guzaliya Fahrutdinova, Lidiya Iksanova, Anastasia Fakhrutdinova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 16 fev 2021 10:22:51 -0300 O The student occupations movement in Pará, Brazil in 2016 <p>A historical interpretation of the occupations of high schools in Pará, in 2016, is made, trying to understand their characteristics and their political and formative practices, based on the category of Thompson's experience and that of Rancière's historical subject. Five interviews were conducted in 2019, listening to young people who participated in the movement in four municipalities. As a result, Pará joined the national student occupation movement in a very active way, both adhering to the national agenda and proposing its own demands. Also, students experienced formative practices that gave new meaning to school culture, youth culture and political culture, combining both the autonomist tendency and the political orientation of student entities, producing significant impacts on the educational and political trajectories of the subjects interviewed.</p> Luís Antonio Groppo, Ronaldo Marcos de Lima Araujo, Verena Cristina Monteiro Moraes Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 17 fev 2021 10:17:42 -0300 Professionally-oriented tasks in the formation of competencies in the field of students’ research activities <p>Due to the introduction and implementation of the requirements of the third-generation Federal State Educational Standards, the importance of students' involvement in research activities during their studies has increased. Currently, special importance in the higher education system is given to the issues related to the organization of such work with students. Having mastered the principal educational program, graduates should be ready to carry out professional activities in the field of applied research, as well as to solve various research tasks. To do this, the graduates must have a certain set of competencies, formed in various ways and methods in the course of professional training. One of the best ways to form competencies both in the field of future profession and research activities is professionally-oriented tasks. As a rule, such tasks are offered to students starting from the first year. Gradually, the level of complexity of the tasks increases, and to solve such tasks, senior-year students need knowledge across multiple disciplines. The article presents a list of academic disciplines, whose study using various forms can train and develop various competencies, including research ones. Universities regularly involve students in research work. However, at present, an appropriate pedagogically sound system of continuous involvement of students in this work is required.</p> Yulia Alexandrovna Kireeva Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 16 fev 2021 00:00:00 -0300 Human capital development: development of professional competencies through soft skills <p>The goal of the article is to analyze the development of the professional competency of leadership through the development of soft skills in the students of Russian engineering universities on the example of the Moscow Polytechnic University. The most demanded and dynamic part of the labor market is currently represented by engineering specialists. However, successful professional and career growth, as well as the effective development of human capital as the main resource of the innovative development of modern society, requires a combination of engineering (hard skills) and humanitarian (soft skills) abilities in a specialist. The development of many socially significant processes in modern society demonstrates aggravated contradictions and the development of new realization trends many of which are associated with changes in the parameters of these processes which, in turn, is determined by the mass implementation of innovative digital technologies and globalization processes. Globalization as a process ensuring the accessibility and openness of information has a significant impact on the transformation of national values within a country in favor of the emergence of global social, moral, and legal values and social behavior norms in the field of political and state power, as well as the economy. Leadership as a social phenomenon bearing the main load of managing all socially significant processes is also changing. Leadership as a social phenomenon is subject to constant scientific study and analysis. For this purpose, the GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organization Behavior Effectiveness) International Research Program was created. The GLOBE program coordinates the study of leadership in more than 60 countries which also supports the relevance of researching the phenomenon of leadership. In the professional activity, leadership manifests through the “leadership qualities” competency.</p> Valeriia Valerevna Semenova, Alexander Nikolaevich Zelenyuk, Yuri Anatolyevich Savinov Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 16 fev 2021 11:05:24 -0300 The impact of individual and group_based expectations on the self_image and reading comprehension of iranian intermediate efl learners <p>The study scrutinized the effect of individual and group-based expectations on EFL learners' self-image and reading comprehension. This study explored the effectuality of individual expectations and group-based expectations in improving self-image and reading comprehension among EFL learners. To do so, 50 out of 120 Iranian EFL learners were chosen as the sample of the study and they were divided into two groups of Individual-based Expectation Instruction and Group-based Expectation Instruction, received five sessions of instruction along with some types of expectations and took two types of reading and self-image tests as a pre- and post-test. In general, the results showed no significant difference between the two groups’ mean scores on the post-test of self-image. The results revealed that the individual expectation group significantly outperformed the group-based expectation group on the post-test of reading comprehension. The findings suggest that using different forms of expectations in language classes can be instrumental in improving the students’ self-image and reading comprehension.</p> Elahe Salehi, Ali-Reza Ameri, Gholam-Reza Abbasian Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 27 fev 2021 14:42:48 -0300 Regional aspects of humanitarization of university education <p>Modern university education in Russia requires multidimensional changes. One of the main directions is the optimization of the educational environment, in particular the management system. First of all, changes should take place at the level of education managers, who combine the qualities of a teacher, manager and psychologist. This necessity explains the increased requirements for the educational management. On the one hand, an important aspect is the competence of educational managers, on the other hand, we should deal with the system of interaction between managers and other participants of the university educational environment. Only a harmonious combination of these factors allows the university to function at the proper level. The problem of communication management in educational institutions is one of the most significant in the field of higher education. Communication is seen as one of the main resources for the development and growth of any organization. Communication as the process of sharing knowledge and information significantly affects the efficiency of an organization. The challenge of communication management is primarily in the fact that there are no clear criteria for monitoring the communication environment. This fact actualizes the problems of empirical research of communication management in the university education system. The most important dimension of optimization is the improvement of the communication environment, associated with the competence of employees and the system of their interaction. Thus, optimization of the communication environment makes it possible not only to improve management and communication processes, but also has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the university as a whole.</p> Marina Georgiyevna Sergeeva, Irina Vyacheslavovna Vlasyuk, Nikolai Mikhailovich Borytko, Marina Nikolaevna Podolskaya, Lyudmila Nikolaevna Kanishcheva Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 16 fev 2021 11:33:00 -0300 Digital educational environment as a factor of military professional training of future officers <p>The safety and comfort of the digital educational environment in the professional training of future officers are interdependent parameters determining the psychological impact on both individuals and groups. For the development of a safe and comfortable educational environment, it is required to determine how the educational environment affects the personality, as well as how the personality determines the educational environment in higher education. The educational environment is a combination of material factors, interpersonal relations and specially organized psychological and pedagogical conditions for the development of a personality. The essence of the educational environment is represented as the interaction of its subsystems (local educational environments) and the creation of sustainable structure characteristic of a particular educational institution or educational system as a whole, which, on the one hand, influence the subjects of the educational environment, and on the other, are formed by them. The development of the educational environment is determined by both structural changes, such as changes in concepts, regulations and management, and personal changes in the participants of the educational process, in particular teachers and students. In practice, the educational environment consists of many local educational environments, which coexist, influencing each other.</p> Marina Georgiyevna Sergeeva, Alexey Sergeevich Korobov, Vladislav Borisovich Lukin, Egor Victorovich Paramonov, Alexander Olegovich Zaitsev Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 16 fev 2021 12:02:53 -0300 Modern communication technologies in education: book trailer <p>The article deals with the problem of encouraging the reading activity of pupils through modern communication technologies. As a tool to attract the attention of teenagers to reading, the authors turn to a multimedia advertising product, namely, a book trailer. The relevance of its application in teaching is determined by the context of the time, digitalization and virtualization of education, social trends, and features of the perception of information by today’s reader and viewer. The article substantiates the fruitfulness of using the book trailer in the educational environment by the results of content analysis of scientific works of Russian and foreign researchers, practitioners, and practical testing in the educational process. As an experimental research method, the authors used a survey of pupils of the sixth and seventh grades of the Second Malzhagar Middle School named after M.E. Vasilyeva of the “Khangalassky Ulus” municipal district, as well as rural teachers of the literature of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) of the Far Eastern Region of the Russian Federation. The survey involved 47 pupils and 31 respondents from among regional teachers of the Russian language and literature. The problem of reading was considered in terms of uncovering the creative potential of pupils of the sixth and seventh grades who were studying under the elective program "Book Trailer: Create, Watch, and Read". The research results aimed at determining the book trailer as an effective means of developing pupils’ interest in reading, implementing their creative abilities in the course of developing a product for the information and educational environment of the region. The authors conclude that the creation of book trailers is one of the most relevant motivators for pupils in their cognitive activity as it combines work with a book and mastering modern communication technologies, increases interest in learning and the level of motivation to read.</p> Nadezhda Ilinichna Nikonova, Svetlana Yrievna Zalutskaya Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 16 fev 2021 12:51:24 -0300 Basic values of Russian and foreign students (comparative aspect) <p>The article deals with the comparison of the basic values of modern students (Russian and foreign). The authors examine and compare basic values held by modern students (Russian and foreign). The study is based on the typology of basic values of Russians (research project "Tomskaya initsiativa", 2001) and the list of values from the S. Schwartz Value Survey. The respondents are asked to choose 10 key values out of 40 basic values and assess them using the S. Schwartz scale. The surveys performed by the authors at the Pushkin State Russian Language Institute and Moscow Automobile and Road Construction State Technical University are used as the materials for the study.</p> Tatiana Vyacheslavovna Nesterova, Svetlana Georgievna Persiyanova, Bagaudin Ibragimovich Karadzhev Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 21 fev 2021 12:31:36 -0300 The problem of the synthesis of pedagogical strategy and moral practice in modern medical education (aspects of integrating international experience) <p>The article is devoted to the phenomenon of "medical humanities" as an independent interdisciplinary area of research, formed on the basis of the international experience integration as a reality. Тhe phenomenon is comprehended simultaneously in the field of Russian patristic tradition and medicine, since it focuses pedagogical strategy and moral practice. In the Russian spiritual tradition, it fits into the processes of educating humanity, which receives a modern consideration both in moral and religious categories, and in the categories of natural science, which are significant for medicine. Spirituality is the category of thinking that changes the idea of a person in the existing reductionist approach to his integrity in medicine. The action of the worldview of the individual is considered as a mandatory constant, which acts as a constructive mechanism for the transformation of the value foundations of thinking and ethical reflection. The fundamentals of spiritual and moral education and patristic experience make complex conditions for the restoration of humanitarian culture in medicine. The purpose of the process is to qualitatively change its anthropological, ethical and psychological components. Systemic humanitarian knowledge is main for medical education. The author reveals the significance of the positive convergence of the humanities for medicine.</p> Elena N. Pesotskaya, Vera I. Inchina, Svetlana V. Aksyonova, Angelina V. Zorkina, Lyudmila V. Сhegodaeva Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 23 fev 2021 16:10:44 -0300 Formation of cognitive activity of technical university students using elements of blended learning in the study of quantum physics <p>The study aims to analyze the expediency of using the capabilities of LMS Moodle for the implementation of blended learning in physics at a technical university in the study of quantum physics. The opportunities presented by the Moodle online environment are analyzed. It is demonstrated that online learning combined with in-person learning greatly improves learning outcomes. An instrument for e-learning in quantum physics in the Moodle environment is described and its educational capabilities are determined. The article examines the method of creating computer models using Easy Gif Animator. Modeling is examined as a means of promoting the formation of students’ cognitive activity. The use of modeling and thought experiments contributes to enhancing students’ understanding of real-life experiments and theories in physics. The study results support the hypothesis that the introduction of an electronic learning component in teaching quantum physics will increase students’ cognitive activity levels.</p> Diana Arkad`evna Denisova, Natalia Gennadyevna Levanova, Irina Vladimirovna Evgrafova, Alexander Sergeyevich Verkhovod Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 27 fev 2021 12:16:26 -0300 Impact of digital services of hybrid cloud-based learning environment on efficiency of education <p>This paper aims to analyse the impact of the hybrid cloud-based learning environment providing resources and services to implement interdisciplinary projects in the course of studies on the efficiency of education. A combination of modern methods of pedagogical studies was applied to address the set problems. The authors used theoretical methods, such as analysis, generalisation, comparison, synthesis, and systematisation of research literature and teaching aids providing visibility in terms of the current outlook of the analysed problem and developing and introducing a hybrid cloud-based learning environment to support interdisciplinary projects. The authors also used empirical methods, such as pedagogical experiments, to determine the impact of digital services in the hybrid cloud-based learning environment on students' performance in each discipline of interdisciplinary projects and their profiles in the course of the project. For numeric processing of research findings and statistical tests for objectivity, the authors used methods of mathematical statistics. The case is made for using cloud computing in the education of future professionals. Experimental analysis is conducted to determine the impact of the hybrid cloud-based learning environment providing resources and services to implement interdisciplinary projects in the course of studies on the efficiency of education. The positive impact is shown for the hybrid cloud-based learning in terms of students' progress. The results can make the basis for developing and introducing a hybrid cloud-based learning environment to support interdisciplinary projects. <em>The scientific novelty of this study</em> is underscored by the analysis of the impact of digital services of the hybrid cloud-based learning environment on the efficiency of educating future professionals in the course of an interdisciplinary project.</p> Natalia Kovalevskaia, Emma Nikolaevna Gilyazeva, Olga Fedorovna Lobazova, Irina Albertovna Duborkina, Antonina Pavlovna Sokolova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 27 fev 2021 13:53:07 -0300 Factor analysis of educational evaluation indicators of Iranian sports coaches <p>The objective of this study was factor analysis of educational evaluation indicators of sports coaches in Hamadan province. The statistical population of the study was all sports coaches in all sports branches in Hamadan province in the years (2019-2018). The statistical population of this study included all sports coaches in Hamadan province according to the latest information provided by the Statistics Center of the General Directorate of Sports and Youth in 2018, it included 4,000 people. The sampling method was stratified random; the number of samples was 351 based on Morgan table. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire that interviewed 30 experienced sports coaches and using Delphi technique and after agreeing on the materials, the results of the study were extracted and classified. Its nominal and content validity were reviewed and confirmed by a group of experts. The reliability of the instrument was calculated by Cronbach's alpha method of 0.85. Data were analyzed using heuristic rotation heuristic analysis, repeated measures analysis of variance and Bonferroni post hoc test at a significance level of P &lt;0.050. Based on the results of factor analysis, out of 75 items of performance evaluation, 17 items were removed and 58 items were included in 6 factors. Social factors (5 items), professional (8 items), personality (8 items), managerial (14 items), scientific (14 items), emotional skills (9 items) in order of prioritizing the scientific factor in the first place, management in Second place, personality in third place, professional in fourth place, emotional in fifth place and social in sixth place. It is concluded that; Sports coaches in Hamadan province in all sports need scientific and managerial training according to the training of personality traits and these three priorities are considered by the trainers for training, respectively.</p> Kiomars Aziz Malayeri, Mohammad Sharif-Taherpour, Mohammad Mohammadi Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 27 fev 2021 15:21:19 -0300 Education and cultural differences: boundary educational practices in basic education <p>The text addresses the meaning policies regarding boundaries and cultural negotiation produced in the educational practices of Basic Education teachers in the relation with the cultural differences that trespass everyday school life. It is part of a study aimed at understanding how Primary Education teachers signify cultural differences in their educational practices. It is a qualitative study with an (auto)biographical approach, in dialogue with the Cultural Studies in education, using educational practice journals, narrative interviews, and the biographical workshop for collecting information.&nbsp; The study revealed the experience with the differences in school in articulation with the cultural changes woven by clashes, conflicts, affirmation, denial, and negotiations. The results pointed towards different boundary spaces in the relationship between Education and differences, in which the movement and negotiation of meanings are essential to the formative process of teachers and students. Regarding the educational practice, the teachers narrate their experiences by placing them between the rigid boundary, with limitations, free from conflicts, denial, or resignation with differences; and the moving boundary, with the construction of spaces so that differences can be triggered, challenged, and problematized.</p> Maria Helena da Silva Reis Santos, Jane Adriana Vasconcelos Pacheco Rios Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 27 fev 2021 10:28:12 -0300 Art, experience and alterity: reflections in the horizon of ethical and aesthetic education <p>Oriented by the theoretical perspective of philosophical hermeneutics, this text addresses the ethical and aesthetic dimension of education, and it has the arts teaching as a reflexive field, emphasizing the artistic experience as a possibility for knowledge and self-awareness beyond the instrumental rationality frameworks. I emphasize, therefore, the artistic experience as an opportunity of (re) approximation among the student, the work and the artist as a way of self-investigation in the field of authorship, with reference to the experimentation of the artistic game and the tensions of the creative process. This creative process triggers a dialogue, which would be in the basis of ethics, since the moral action would be based in the process of co-creation of the aesthetic experience in relation to the work of art.</p> Maria Regina Johann Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 17 mar 2021 17:25:21 -0300 Innovation-driven growth in the regions of the Russian federation and the activities of national research universities: analysis of relationship <p>The university funding programs focused on regional economic development and “smart specialization” goals are focused on “discovering entrepreneurial potential”, which employs the instrument of a structured dialogue among four key actors in the innovation process: public authorities, business structures, research organizations, and representatives of the civil society. The authors analyze the relationship between the results of the activities of national research universities (NRUs) in Russia and the dynamics of innovation-driven growth of the regions in which they are located, based on their methods. The purpose of the study is to search for new tools for interaction between universities and actors of regional innovation-driven growth.</p> Irina Stanislavovna Glebova, Svetlana Sergeevna Berman, Ruslan Agarunovich Abramov, Ilya Nikolaevich Lvov Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 24 abr 2021 22:44:29 -0300 Higher education strategies for the 21st century: philosophical foundations and the humanist approach <p>The paper is dedicated to a philosophical consideration of the transformation strategies for higher education, particularly those revealed by the current Covid-19 pandemic. The situation of the latter is presented as a particular form of the general VUCA characteristics of the today’s world of uncertainty, unpredictability and qualitative complexity (‘supercomplexity’). It is argued that the main result of our acknowledgement of the VUCA situation in the world for higher education is the image of the developed human personality becoming the main value and at the same time the main goal of higher education. Under the conditions of volatility and ambiguity, any existing ‘ready-made’ knowledge, as well as any instructions for effective rational behavior, turns to be inadequate. Because of that, it is no longer sufficient to have a set of ‘competences’ as a final result of the educational process at today’s university. Higher education has to turn to developing in its graduates certain multidisciplinary qualities, like critical independent thinking and ability to create one’s own knowledge, up to aiming at an all-round development of cultured personality. The paper argues that the education of critical and creative thinking is closely related to the transition to student-centered learning, as each individual student is to become a full-powered subject of the educational process according to one’s own interests, abilities and curricula, with the role of a teacher starting to resemble that of a moderator, the one who is to help his or her undergraduates to navigate through the vast ocean of available information in order for them to choose and to create their own, personal knowledge. The latter task is especially enforced by the distant and online learning having become popular during the Covid-19 pandemic: that form of learning puts especially high demands on self-discipline and self-responsibility of a student’s personality, while presenting itself as rather a supplement than a replacement to more traditional forms of higher education with personal communication between student and teacher.</p> Yurii Mielkov, Ivan Bakhov, Olha Bilyakovska, Larysa Kostenko, Tamara Nych Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 24 abr 2021 23:09:34 -0300 Political formation in the bojo of university pedagogy: implications in the formation of future teachers <p>Partindo do pressuposto de que a formação política orienta a vida coletiva e demanda instrumentalizar o sujeito para a construção de uma sociedade justa, democrática e inclusiva e de que a participação na escola gera aprendizado político para a participação na sociedade em geral, esse trabalho analisou como a docência universitária tece processos de formação crítica, política dos discentes em formação, de modo a impactar nas práticas educativas futuras da escola básica. A pesquisa trilhou no lastro da discussão sobre educação política, pedagogia universitária, enveredando pelos aportes da metodologia qualitativa, com opção pela entrevista semiestruturada. Os sujeitos participantes foram nove estudantes concluintes dos cursos de licenciatura de uma universidade pública estadual. A análise dos dados realizada, mediante a técnica Análise Temática, permite concluir que a formação política não ocupa o centro das preocupações da pedagogia universitária, ficando as questões de urgência social suplantadas pelo engessamento do currículo. O debate vem à tona com afinco apenas na disciplina específica ao final do curso, distorcendo, assim, o conceito de política como prática necessariamente cotidiana.</p> Fabrício Oliveira da Silva, Maria da Conceição Oliveira Lopes, Jescilda Ferreira de Macedo Santana Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 24 abr 2021 23:33:07 -0300 The methodology of the creation of a flowchart of teacher professional development programme in functional literacy aspect <p>The study has been directed to the teacher professional development perfection problem in functional literacy aspect as an integral part of holistic educational process to increase student efficiency, in compliance with the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment. The purpose is to research the historical content of the functional literacy phenomenon and approaches to a programme flowchart for teacher professional development education. A flowchart of the programme of teacher professional development has been elaborated to create an e-platform to enable teachers to master a competence-based model for further teaching and projecting educational process to form relevant functional literacy of students.</p> Anna Sukhodimtseva, Marina Sergeeva, Dmitry Lukashenko, Matvey Pyankov Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 25 abr 2021 16:02:03 -0300 Club-based format of teaching Russian as foreign language to Chinese students <p>The study deals with the issue of applying the communicative club format for organizing leisure, educational, and cultural activities for foreign students interested in the Russian language. The authors describe the structural and content model of the Almaz Russian-language Russian-Chinese communication club created based on centers for the Russian language, literature, and culture at the Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University. The model includes target, technological, and content components and implementation mechanisms. The authors conclude that interactive technologies of leisure show great potential for developing foreign students' communicative competence and creative abilities and enriching the individual with knowledge about the traditional culture of peoples inhabiting the multicultural territory of Russia.</p> Svetlana Yrievna Zalutskaya Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 25 abr 2021 16:17:55 -0300 Areas of modernization of preparation of future elementary school teachers in the countries of the European community <p>The article describes the directions of modernization of preparation of future elementary school teachers in the countries of the European Community, analyzes the normative documents, which reflect the basic requirements for professional pedagogical training. The ways of standardization of elementary school teachers training in pedagogical colleges at the pedagogical faculties of universities are distinguished: national standard of qualified teacher, national curriculum, criteria for professional and pedagogical readiness of the university graduates are defined and reflected in their qualification characteristics. Psychological-pedagogical component, which includes a cycle of psycho-pedagogical disciplines, is recognized as a priority in the professional training of teachers. A characteristic feature of professional pedagogical training is two-phase – academic and practical training, two-stage system of training: at the level of bachelor and master. The tendency to reduce the number of pedagogical colleges and their accession to universities is indicated. The integration of pedagogical education of the countries of the European Community is characterized and the principles of development of the European educational space are named. Four paradigms that coexist in the educational systems of European countries are distinguished: academic-traditional, technological, individual, and research-oriented. The role of pedagogical practice in the system of preparation of future primary school teachers in the countries of Europe is characterized, its types and duration are distinguished.</p> Zinovii Onyshkiv, Yaroslava Kodliuk, Tetiana Lesina, Olena Malyna, Nadya Kichuk Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 01 mai 2021 00:00:00 -0300 Digital teaching skills: comparative study in higher education <p>Research entitled Comparative study of the teacher's digital competencies since the perception of students from four Senati locations, Lima-2020 was intended to establish the significant differences in digital competences between teachers of the different senati headquarters, located in Lima Metropolitana and Callao; the work followed the quantitative methodology, descriptive, comparative and explanatory level; the population was 4440 students with a random sample stratified of 354; the instrument was subjected to the reliability and validity of both content and construct. The main results established that at least two population means are different, as indicated by the p value (0,000) and F (11,819). Lima Cercado's headquarters were also shown to perform better compared to the other headquarters.</p> Gloria Milagros Torres Molina, Míriam Liliana Flores Coronado, Carlos Fabian Falcon, July Rivera-Zamudio, Luis Alberto Núñez Lira Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 25 abr 2021 16:59:33 -0300 The discipline of history and the technologies: a challenge for the present time <p>Based on the understanding that the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can contribute positively to the meaning of historical knowledge and to the motivation of students in the school environment, we investigate, in the Middle School level, from public schools, in the city of Pelotas/RS, how History teachers perceive ICT and how they are used in their pedagogical practice. Considering the number of teachers that we wanted to access and the short time for conducting the research, we opted for the application of an inquiry with the teachers of the specific area and we obtained a return of 68% of the teachers. We found that they identify students' motivation when ICT are used in the school environment; however, its use is limited by the lack of structural resources in the institutions and by the lack of continuing education for educators on the use of ICT in pedagogical practice.</p> Simone Weber Cardoso Schneider, Adriana Duarte Leon Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 25 abr 2021 18:27:33 -0300 Scientific literacy: a key part of school contexts <p>The work conducted a bibliographic review on alphabetization scientific, which is understood as the ability to use scientific knowledge in order to understand and help make decisions about the actual world. It also sought to explain the evolution of the dimensions of scientific literacy and to present theoretical proposals for methodological strategies to help improve it. Articles, doctoral theses and PIS test reports were reviewed to reach&nbsp; two&nbsp;&nbsp; conclusions:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1) it is essential to develop the four dimensions of scientific literacy, because, in this way,&nbsp; scientifically literate students will be trained; that is, they are able to become world that goes through constant scientific and technological and 2) it is necessary to update the teaching-learning strategies&nbsp; by&nbsp; those that are part of the so-called&nbsp; active methodology such as discovery learning,&nbsp; research-based learning and&nbsp; project-based learning.</p> Stefanny Colonia Cerna, Doris Fuster-Guillén, Angélica Sánchez Castro, Hugo Wálter Maldonado Leyva, Teodoro Víctor Cabezas Ramírez Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 01 mai 2021 16:44:43 -0300 University didactics and their relationship with the development of research skills in students of the National University of San Martín <p>The study was carried out with a sample of 30 teachers&nbsp;&nbsp; and 30 speakers from the VIII, IX and X cycle of the Language Studies Program of&nbsp;&nbsp; the Faculty of Education and Humanities of the National University of San Martín, Tarapoto. In this context, implementing scientific ally conceived university didactics is a fundamental element of professional&nbsp;&nbsp; transformation of teachers and the improvement of the training practice they develop. One of the fundamental conditions for improving the quality of university teaching lies, in our view, in making possible a substantive change in the configuration of the professional identity of university teachers. In the light of these considerations, studies that provide theoretical modelling on investigative skills are insufficient since most theoretical and empirical results focus, specifically, on the training of a profession. The careers with the greatest presence in the subject are Medicine and Bachelor of Education. In the case of the latter, the most repeated object of study is initial investigative or postgraduate training. In the research, it was raised that the act of the situation between university didactics at the National University of San Martín–Tarapoto and the development of research skills inherent in students of the VIII, IX and X cycle of the Language Studies Program are significantly related. A correlational descriptive study was conducted; theoretical methods of induction, analysis, synthesis, as well as empirical measurement methods were used, as well as statistical methods and individual survey techniques. For statistical contrast of the hypothesis, Pearson's statistical correlation technique was used; hypothesis test, there is statistical evidence with a significance level of 5%. The conclusions shape the validity of the hypotheses.</p> Ibis López-Novoa, Manuel Padilla-Guzmán, Santiago Gallarday-Morales, Ángel Luna Santos Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 01 mai 2021 17:06:39 -0300 Socio-emotional education: paths to inspire studies, research and practices <p>This article presents findings of a bibliographic research which had as its scope identifying social and emotional skills proposed by different authors from this field. More specifically, it aimed to: classifying social and emotional skills by domains of competencies; detailing the skills related to self-awareness, focusing on the emotional dimension; proposing a lesson plan for promoting self-awareness in the classroom. The findings have shown that: by detailing social and emotional skills per competence, it may contribute to guide pedagogical activities based on theoretical pinpoints; deepening the theoretical foundations of emotions is essential for understanding the process of self-awareness; creating pedagogical sequences coherent and consistent with social and emotional development, requires the exercise of transposing theory into practice, respecting each educator’s singularities according to his/her reality in class.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Eugenia de Paula Benício Cordeiro, Morgana Marcelly Costa Marques, Mayara Thayana Neves Costa Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 01 mai 2021 20:22:23 -0300 Integration of competencies to the curriculum lines of the Professional School of Art <p>This article includes in essence the revision of the curriculum structure in force at the Professional School of Art of the University of San Marcos, where the curriculum has been analyzed&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; in detail, with the intention of showing the articulation of competences and their proper integration into the curricular lines that make up the educational program of the career. Also, for this purpose has it been prevailing to observe the egress profile, since only through the proper identification of the process’s evaluation can measure the achievement of skills, skills and skills required in artistic training. The study is based on the curriculum design strategies proposed by the authors Becerra and La Serna (2019).</p> Pedro Rolando Apolo Valdivia, Fernando Esteban Núñez Vara, Francis Díaz Flores, Felipe Guizado Oscco Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 01 mai 2021 17:27:08 -0300 The bibliographical review as a research methodology <p>The bibliographic review article is a methodology of observational research, retrospective, systematica ,oriented to the selection, analysis, interpretation and discussion of theoretical positions, results and conclusions embodied in scientific articles disclosed in recent years on a topic of choice in order to obtain relevant information that contributes&nbsp; to the solution of problems. The purpose of the study was to explain the principles, importance, functions and phases or stages of the literature review article that provides university students and professionals with a methodological alternative in conducting research work. The methodology has revised scientific information dating from&nbsp; 1987 onwards,&nbsp; the cues were subjected to validity and reliability as provided by the information, the information derived from databases was considered: Scopus, Web of Science, among others. The principle of bibliographic narrative, conceptualization, quality indicators, review article steps such as the topic or title of the article of review, bibliographic search, organization of information and the writing of the article was explained. It is concluded that the bibliographic review article is a scientific article structure that is developed on the basis of an analysis of research related&nbsp; to a particular problem or information gap.</p> Yolvi Ocaña-Fernández, Doris Fuster-Guillén Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 01 mai 2021 00:00:00 -0300 A model of forming polylingual speech culture and communicative competence as a condition for teachers’ training <p>The article addresses the issue of development of Kazakh, Russian and English languages in Kazakhstan. For this purpose, the authors give a definition of the types of bilingualism and polylingualism. The paper focuses on the significance of modeling of the educational process, the use of effective methods and technologies, gradual formation of foreign language speech culture and communicative competence. The model of multilingual teachers’ training is presented as a combination of motivational-value, content and technological components. In accordance with this, experimental work was conducted in three Kazakh universities. The result of the experiment is a polylingual speech culture and communicative competence of the future teachers within the selected scope of educational material. Another achievement in the experiment is the professional readiness of undergraduates to develop an integrated educational process for the formation of foreign language communicative competence, an ability to apply the concepts of the learning in educational process and justify them in a discussion. In the course of the study, the authors came to a conclusion that future teachers should have an integrated competence: knowledge of a foreign language and linguodidactic skills to plan classes in a foreign language.</p> Sandugash Kairkhanovna Moldabekova, Aigul Zhumageldinovna Sakhariyeva, Kulzhanat Nurymzhanovna Bulatbayeva, Dlimbetova Gaini Karekeevna, Zhukenova Alma Karisovna Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 01 mai 2021 21:17:13 -0300 Training in the sphere of computational informatics as a condition of developing the informational-computational competence of a would-be informatics teacher <p>The huge computational resources of the modern computers are used mainly to solve the problems arising in various applied spheres during mathematical modeling of real objects. These issues are researched in computational informatics. A would-be informatics teacher must have knowledge of it, master the methods of numerical modeling, and be able to teach it to schoolchildren, broadening their knowledge about the possible spheres of using a computer. The informational-computational competence, manifested as the ability and preparedness of a would-be informatics teacher to solve computational problems on a computer and to teach schoolchildren to do it, is one of the most important components of their professional competence. To identify the structure and content of the informational-computational competence of a would-be informatics teacher and to develop the methodology of their training in the sphere of computational informatics ensuring its development. Competence and context approaches to education are used, as well as the concept of funding pedagogical education, as the most effective approaches to developing the informational-computational competence of a would-be informatics teacher. The research result is the structural-logical model of the development the informational-computational competence of a would-be informatics teacher during their training in the sphere of computational informatics and the teaching methodology developed on its basis. Implementation of the proposed methodology in teaching computational informatics can provide a would-be informatics teacher with the necessary knowledge and facilitate the development of the informational-computational competence.</p> Guldina Bolshevikovna Kamalova, Bakhytkul Kaskatayeva, Shirinkyz Tileubergenovna Shekerbekova, Yelena Anatolievna Kisselyova, Makhabbat Izbasarovna Revshenova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 01 mai 2021 21:58:54 -0300 Project-collective management as a development factor of the school staff <p>The article deals with the organization of the collective project activities at school. Leading projects, described in the article, fit into the program for the extracurricular work development. We emphasized the importance of social partnership, interaction with creative unions of the city, public associations, sports societies, etc. A new effective model of interaction between subjects of educational activity is proposed in the framework of the long-term socially-oriented projects implementation, containing educational, cultural and developmental potential. As an additional effect, we noted the development of leadership abilities of participants in educational relations.</p> Alexey Mikhalovich Kamenskiy, Sergey Nikolaevich Kariagin Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 02 mai 2021 00:55:04 -0300 Psychological and pedagogical research of the axiosphere of the younger generation as one of the activities of the Technopark <p>Additional, creatively oriented education of the younger generation of Russians in school technoparks requires studying the characteristics of Generation Z. The values were compared as noted by respondents (1st-year students and university entrants) among different generations of Russians: their own world (the world of children), the world of parents and the world of grandparents. All the three generations are dominated by being oriented towards hard work, study, mutual assistance both within the global environment and within a small society, that is, within family. These positions are represented by the phraseological layers of the language, which indicates their presence in the Russian national value worldview. In the world of parents and in that of children, the emergence of new groups of values ​​ absent in the world of grandparents is recorded: orientation towards consumer values, perceived from advertising in the media, and at the same time the extinction of the value of serving the homeland. A new value stands out in the world of children – a humorous approach to life problems, which can be considered global because it contains quotations from world literature and borrowed phraseological units. This value is distinguished by an optimistic view of the world and the role of man in it, which is characteristic of youth. The research results allow asserting that Generation Z is ready to be creative and is oriented towards technology. Taking into account the peculiarities of the generation allows scientifically organizing educational leisure activities in technoparks.</p> Alexander Mikhailovich Gerashchenko, Tatyana Leonidovna Shaposhnikova, Oksana Roaldovna Tuchina, Olga Antonovna Gordienko, Alena Yuryevna Egorova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 02 mai 2021 01:29:41 -0300 A compilation on the application dimension of creative drama and bibliotherapy method in education <p>Creative drama and bibliotherapy are among the most frequently mentioned methods in the field of education recently. The applicability of Creative Drama as a method in many areas is revealed by different studies, and bibliotherapy is becoming widespread as an effective method, especially in the fields of Guidance and Psychological Counseling, Psychology and Psychiatry. From this point of view, the objective of this study is to synthesize and display the importance and field of application of these two methods through different studies and to contribute to the formation of a perspective as regards the usage of these methods by educators. For this purpose, a review was prepared by examining the studies on creative drama and bibliotherapy. Descriptive survey method was used in the research. National and international literature was surveyed and the articles obtained as a result of the research were evaluated and interpreted in general.</p> Şengül Başarı, Seçil Besim Ayhan Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 11 mai 2021 12:19:27 -0300 Talk between Dussel and Forner-Betancourt: dialogue between philosophical knowledge, interculturality and indigenous school education <p>Summary The article focuses on Enrique Dussel's Philosophy of Liberation, with the aim of reflecting on the articulation between modernity, the Eurocentric paradigm and the world paradigm. In this sense, the article develops the discussion on rationality and irrationality of modernity (myth of modernity) and its transmodernity (overcoming), as it is directly related to the question of the negative dialectical method with the negation of otherness - of indigenous populations - in philosophical systems. Eurocentric totality and points out the analytical movement as overcoming, expanding and liberating the negative dialectical method. It also outlines the intercultural philosophy of Rául Fornet-Betancourt, which aims at a symmetrical dialogue between philosophical knowledge. It is inferred, from the Liberation of the Other as Alterity and Interculturality, the concrete existence of a dialogical relationship between philosophical knowledge, enabling greater cosmological, philosophical and educational enrichment, as well as the teaching of intercultural philosophy in indigenous schools. In this study, the bibliographic review is the methodological strategy used.</p> Henrique Moraes Júnior, Ivanilde Apoluceno de Oliveira Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 23 mai 2021 15:23:12 -0300 Between inclusion and exclusion: Teachers’ reflections about students with autism in public school <p>This paper writes about the reflections of four ordinary teachers and one special education teacher, of a public school in the school inclusion context. Analyze the reflections in relation to the acceptance and reception of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in the school environment. The problem to be solved is the following: how do the acceptance and reception of students with ASD occur in the school? It configures in a snippet of a qualitative and field research based on Teixeira (2010) and Oliveira (2012), developed in a public school in the municipal education system located in Belém-PA in 2017. The theoretical contribution of the investigation was anchored on Orrú (2012, 2016) and Mantoan (2013, 2015), that study and research about autism and school inclusion. The reflections of the five teachers reveal alarming situations, such as resistance to accepting and welcoming of students with autism in the school context, because some factors interfere in the classroom and school routine, which calls the need of this space to reflect and revise his pedagogical proposal. However, the research also reveals educational situations that enable the school inclusion.</p> Yago Melo de Lima, Tânia Regina Lobato dos Santos, Rejane de Assis Oliveira Monteiro Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação seg, 24 mai 2021 11:33:09 -0300 Evaluation of requests at the hotline established by Trnc Higher Education and foreign relations Office in Covid 19 pandemic process <p>In accordance with the new social order required by the new type corona virus, several areas such as education, health, culture and transportation continue to transform with the social policies followed by states. The states, where the virus has spread and affected the whole world, make new regulations in the context of social policy and develop new models. In this case, it is seen that a link is established between politics and biological life. Depending on biological processes, governments focus on the needs of the era and social life. Thus, it is observed that a "bio-political" transformation is under construction. After the Covid 19 pandemic, all governments have imposed new social regulations so that they can implement education policies as an effective social government policy. In this regard, the statements that it would be the right decision to interrupt face-to-face education for a while in educational institutions came to the fore. In addition, the necessity of taking social measures in order not to keep students away from education and to ensure the continuity of education was also among the issues emphasized. From this point of view, the aim of the study is to evaluate and interpret the requests submitted by university students studying in our country during the Covid 19 pandemic to the hotline established by the TRNC Higher Education and Foreign Relations Office (YÖDİD). The study was carried out with a qualitative method and uses a case study design. Hotline reports were used as data collection tools. Findings obtained were interpreted by descriptive analysis. Requests between 07 April - 17 May 2020 have been included in the research. Support requests focused on issues such as return to the country, food, online education problems, payment problems and scholarship.</p> Seçil Besim Ayhan, Şengül Başarı , Ziya Öztürkler , Senem İnce Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sex, 28 mai 2021 14:02:51 -0300 Areas of Modernization of Preparation of Future Elementary School Teachers in the Countries of the European Community <p>The article describes the directions of modernization of preparation of future elementary school teachers in the countries of the European Community, analyzes the normative documents, which reflect the basic requirements for professional pedagogical training. The ways of standardization of elementary school teachers training in pedagogical colleges at the pedagogical faculties of universities are distinguished: national standard of qualified teacher, national curriculum, criteria for professional and pedagogical readiness of the university graduates are defined and reflected in their qualification characteristics. Psychological-pedagogical component, which includes a cycle of psycho-pedagogical disciplines, is recognized as a priority in the professional training of teachers. A characteristic feature of professional pedagogical training is two-phase – academic and practical training, two-stage system of training: at the level of bachelor and master. The tendency to reduce the number of pedagogical colleges and their accession to universities is indicated. The integration of pedagogical education of the countries of the European Community is characterized and the principles of development of the European educational space are named. Four paradigms that coexist in the educational systems of European countries are distinguished: academic-traditional, technological, individual, and research-oriented. The role of pedagogical practice in the system of preparation of future primary school teachers in the countries of Europe is characterized, its types and duration are distinguished.</p> Zinovii Onyshkiv, Yaroslava Kodliuk, Tetiana Lesina, Olena Malyna, Nadya Kichuk Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sex, 28 mai 2021 16:00:01 -0300 Colonial education in Icó-CE: educational process of the first inhabitants (1599-1759) <p>This article aimed to (re)constitute historic aspects of the educational process in Icó – CE, with emphases in the education of the local inhabitants, from 1599 to 1759, that is situated in the Brazilian colonial period. Therefore, it was realized a documental study, exploring some writings by local authors as Couto (1962) and Lima (1995). Education in Icó in Brazil Colonia was not a peaceful process. On contrary, it was in the beginning characterized by tensions, violence and resistance, because the native Indians insisted on defending their territory against European invaders. The religious indoctrination was a way used by determinators to subjugate native people culturally of Brazilian territory. The construction of Nossa Senhora da Expectação Church, in 1709, was a fundamental milestone to stabilization of the educating priests and organization of village routine.</p> Paulo Rogério de Lima, Sílvia Maria Nóbrega-Therrien, Cesar Augusto Sadalla Pinto Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 05 jun 2021 11:52:07 -0300 Foreign language learning and identity reconstruction: understanding of interaction of the self <p>This study focuses on the processes &amp; relationships between foreign language learner's identity and interaction foreign language proficiency associated with learning English in private language institutes in Iranian context, especially, participants' beliefs about languages &amp; participants' views about the language question are analyzed. This analysis integrates the speaker's practices and beliefs to issues of identity construction and negotiation that are observable in two contexts. Some English as a foreign language learners from 3 language institute in Tehran were picked to participate in the study, based on stratified sampling. The instrument were a 30-item likert-scale questionnaire on motivation types &amp; social responsibility, individual development, information medium, ... 24 likert-scale questionnaire on self-identity changes, such as, self‌-confidence change, subtractive change, productive change, results reveal that how language practices in human interaction display and construct identity and correlation analysis indicated that motivation types of&nbsp; self-identity changes and signal participant's negotiations of their own identities of these or others. Instrumental orientations related with learner's self-confidence change.</p> Ameneh Nejabat , Neda Fatehi Rad, Massoud Tajadini Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 22 jun 2021 17:20:32 -0300 Methodological Approaches to Financing Higher Education Institutions in the Context of Digitalizing the Russian Higher Education <p>Forecasting changes in the external and internal parameters of the socio-economic development of higher education (HE) as an integral system, as well as the risks of its digitalization that reduce the quality of human capital suggest the expansion of contemporary methodological instruments for financing higher education institutions (HEIs). In the article the principles of project financing that combine system and process approaches have been suggested, and the need to introduce the axiological approach into the methodological basis of project financing of HE as a specific way of organizing and performing financial activities, obtaining and using its results with regard to certain values, and neutralizing the risks of digitalizing education along with improving the quality of human capital has been substantiated.</p> Vladimir Alexandrovich Slepov, Tatyana Nikolaevna Rodenkova, Dmitry Alexandrovich Pokamestov, Elena Ivanovna Gromova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 23 jun 2021 11:13:15 -0300 Preservation of the intangible cultural heritage through the implementation of additional general education programs in the field of fine arts <p>The problem of preserving the traditions of academic art and folk culture as part of the intangible cultural heritage of the country is becoming more urgent every year. One of the solutions to this problem is the transfer of knowledge and technology using additional general education programs.</p> <p>Implementation of additional general education programs reveals the practical possibilities of children’s creativity and shows the effectiveness of forms and methods for preserving the intangible cultural heritage through the practical development of techniques and technologies of artistic creation by children, which are based on academic or folk traditions. This, in the authors’ opinion, introduces the scientific novelty of this study. The theoretical basis of pedagogical mastery is studied and the need for a competency-based approach in the implementation of additional education programs on the example of the experience of children’s art schools is shown. In addition, the study substantiates the need for the effective construction of educational and methodological support for educational programs, the actualization and development of teacher’s competencies, as well as the preservation and development of methods containing the basic principles and technologies of the academic foundations of fine arts and folk crafts. Proposals to organize support for the implementation of additional general education programs in the field of fine and decorative arts and folk crafts are made.</p> Irina Vladimirovna Lovtsova, Lyudmila Aleksandrovna Burovkina, Anna Sergeevna Sheshko Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 23 jun 2021 11:54:18 -0300 The effectiveness of using visualization tools and forms in distance learning <p>The purpose of the article is to comprehensively consider the concept of visualization, which is one of the main factors of effective learning of educational material, as well as to analyze the possibilities of using visualization in distance learning. The article shows the relevance of visualization of distance education, describes visualization technologies as a tool for improving the effectiveness of distance learning, defines the essence of visualization in education, finds out the possibilities of using visualization to ensure the professional training of future specialists in the course of distance learning of academic disciplines, as well as considers the visualization tools used in students’ distance learning. Based on an empirical study of using visualization in the course of distance learning of the "Pedagogical Skills" course, the formedness of the cognitive and operational components of students' educational activities was evaluated. This allowed concluding that using contemporary visualization technologies in the educational process creates prerequisites for improving the quality and effectiveness of training, acts as a key factor in improving the effectiveness of the educational process. Visualization allows solving a set of pedagogical problems, such as making the complicated educational material of various disciplines understandable, accessible for awareness, without reducing the level of its scientific character, creating conditions for informal assimilation of the training content by learners, contributing acquisition of deep, systematic knowledge, and so on.</p> Anatoly Nikolaevish Andreev, Olga Viktorovna Emtseva, Ekaterina Sergeevna Babkina, Valeriy Nikolaevich Dolzhenkov, Nina Valentinovna Kudryashova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 14 jul 2021 00:36:40 -0300 Investigating the relationship between hidden curriculum and academic optimism in upper secondary school students <p>This study aimed to determine the relationship between hidden curriculum and academic optimism in upper secondary school students. The research method was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population of this research consists of upper secondary school students of Pakdasht city in the academic year 2020-2021 with 3500 people. The sample size was determined based on Krejcie and Morgan table of 346 people. Also, for sampling, after estimating the sample size, the available random sampling method was use. In order to collect data, two standardized questionnaires were used for assessing the hidden curriculum (Fathi Vajargah) and the questionnaire for assessing academic optimism (Schennemoran). Descriptive statistics methods including: mean, percentage and frequency and inferential statistics such as: Pearson correlation test, one-sample t-test and multiple regression were used. SPSS22 was also used to analyze the collected data. The findings of Pearson correlation coefficient indicated that there is a significant relationship between the hidden curriculum and the academic optimism of the studied students at the alpha level of 0.01. Findings of one-sample t-test indicated that the students surveyed were at a relatively good level in terms of the components of academic optimism as well as the hidden curriculum. The results of correlation test showed that there is a significant relationship between the two components of the hidden curriculum (school social atmosphere and teacher-student interactions) with students 'academic optimism, but the findings showed that there isn’t any relationship between school organizational structure and students' academic optimism. The correlation coefficient also showed that there is a significant and direct relationship between the hidden curriculum and all components of students' academic optimism. Also, the findings of regression test indicated that the latent hidden curriculum variable explains 0.28 variance of academic optimism of the students and only the organizational structure of the school did not play a significant role in predicting students' academic optimism. Also, the findings of the regression test indicated that among components of hidden curriculum, the component of teacher-student interactions had the largest share in explaining and predicting changes in students' academic optimism.</p> Fatemeh Kariman, Soolmaz Nourabadi Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 21 jul 2021 22:47:29 -0300 The effect of paternalist leadership style of principals on the professional burnout of special education teachers <p>This study was applied to determine whether the paternalist leadership of school principals affected the burnout levels of special education teachers. The research was carried out with mixed method. 192 teachers participated in the quantitative dimension and 25 teachers and 25 principals participated in the qualitative dimension. Paternalist Leadership Scale, Maslach Burnout Scale and Semi-Structured Question Set were used. In the research, it was determined that teachers' perception of paternalist leadership is high and their burnout levels are low. &nbsp;It was determined that variables of gender, age and working year did not make a significant difference on teachers' paternalist leadership perception. However, these variables cause a significant difference on teachers' professional burnout. It was determined that there was a moderately negative relationship between teachers' paternalist leadership perceptions and their burnout. As the paternalist leadership levels of the principals’ increase, the burnout of the teachers decreases. It was revealed in qualitative findings that teachers define their principals just like a paternalist leader using father and boss metaphors, and the benevolent attitudes of the principals reduce teachers' burnout. A supportive result in qualitative findings is this; it was determined that the paternalist leadership style of principals prevented insensitivity from burnout dimensions in teachers.</p> Mehmet Küçükgöz Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qui, 22 jul 2021 00:26:38 -0300 Analysis of the problem on preparing future primary school teachers for the organization of pupils’ labor training <p>Analysis of the problem on preparing future primary school teachers for the organization of pupils’ labor training. The preparation of future primary school teachers for organizing labor training of young learners in the educational process of high school has been analyzed in the article. The essence and structure of the “readiness of future teachers to organize labor training of young learners” phenomenon have been revealed. The preparation of future primary school teachers for the organization of labor training of young learners in the educational process of high school has been monitored. The problems of young learners’ labor training have been discussed, and the forms and methods for preparing future primary school teachers for the organization of labor training have been developed. Preparation as a general concept is interpreted as an organized, purposeful long-term educational process in different types of educational institutions whose ultimate aim is to achieve the readiness to carry out professional pedagogical activities in a particular specialty. Readiness of future primary school teachers to organize labor training is interpreted as a result of preparing students during their studies at a higher pedagogical institution, as the state of the future teacher who has mastered the system of knowledge on productive, project technologies. The formation of future primary school teachers’ readiness is not a spontaneous or involuntary process. This is a systematic and purposeful activity.</p> Iryna Oleksandrivna Palshkova, Viktoriia Anatoliivna Balakirieva, Marianna Volodymyrivna Skoromna, Yuliia Anatoliivna Shpaliarenko Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qui, 22 jul 2021 15:34:02 -0300 Level-oriented modular training within teaching monologic speech to junior students <p>The expansion of the spheres of political, trade, economic and cultural cooperation between Russia and other countries creates real preconditions for intercultural professional communication in all areas of language experts’ activity: teaching, researching, translating, interpreting and speaking for the peers. In these conditions, learning to provide a monologue in different world languages is becoming increasingly important to future linguists. According to the requirements of the new Federal Standard for Higher Professional Education, a linguist must be able to perform intercultural communication in various professional fields, conduct business negotiations, be an active participant in conferences, workshops and roundtable discussions using several working languages and search for topical information to improve his/her professional skills in the field of intercultural communication. Thus, the standard reflects the strategy of modern foreign-language education aimed to form the cultural and linguistic personality of the language expert who has reached a high level of the foreign-language professional communicative competence, which manifests itself in speech culture, an open-minded attitude to unfamiliar traditions and ways of life, along with the abilities for monologue and international professional communication. High-quality monologic speech is a personally and professionally significant skill, due to which specialists do not have difficulties with business conversations, reports, public messages and presentations in Microsoft PowerPoint and freely participate in discussing the course and prospects of joint activities. Mastering such skills begins at the very beginning of learning a foreign language in a higher educational institution to be able to work with complicated scientific texts and prepare creative monologues as a postgraduate student.</p> Margarita Victorovna Myltseva, Ekaterina Alexandrovna Drozdova, Marina Georgiyevna Sergeeva, Dmitry Vladimirovich Lukashenko Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qui, 22 jul 2021 16:53:00 -0300 The use of cloud resources and services in distance learning of students in the context of restrictions caused by the pandemic <p>The purpose of the study is to test the effectiveness of using the e-environment based on G Suit for Education in organizing distance learning for future social workers in the context of a pandemic. The study uses a set of methods: diagnostic (observation, interviews, questionnaires, testing) – to determine the effectiveness of using cloud resources and services in teaching students; pedagogical experiment for experimental verification of the effectiveness of using cloud resources and services in teaching students in the process of forming professional and communicative readiness of future social workers; methods of mathematical statistics for quantitative and qualitative processing of research results. Cloud resources and services allow activating knowledge, help to find and design new ideas, and help to develop independent decision-making skills. The conclusions of the work can be the basis for the development of an e-environment based on G Suit for Education. Materials and conclusions of the research can be used in the practice of teaching the humanities at university. The scientific novelty of the research is that the study identifies specific cloud services for implementing project activities when teaching students remotely. The stages of project implementation in the e-environment based on G Suit for Education are presented.</p> Ilya Vladimirovich Afanasiev, Nataliya Vladimirovna Vysotskaya, Valery Nikolaevich Alferov, Natalia Anatolyevna Grigorieva Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 25 jul 2021 14:41:50 -0300 The formation of a civil responsibility of high school students in the context of specialized training <p>The awareness by the younger generation of the mutual state and citizen sresponsibility based on the norms of morality and law is a unanimous and important feature of a democratic society. That is why a civil responsibility is defined as one of the cross-cutting lines in the modern educational space. The article presents the results of a pedagogical experiment on the formation of a civil responsibility of high school students in the conditions of specialized training. The authors of the article reveal the content of the concept of "civil responsibility", its component composition, forms of manifestation and the main stages of formation. The role of forming influences on the process of forming civil responsibility is analyzed. As the result of the pedagogical experiment, the significant opportunities and advantages which specialized education provides for the implementation of the cross-cutting content line "civil responsibility" have been confirmed. The forms and methods of work that breed personal involvement into some social problems are identified. They increase the level of legal education, and contribute to the formation of an active civil society.</p> Larysa Oleksiivna Savchenko, Kateryna Igorivna Kiriukha, Oleg Borisovich Potapenko, Nadiya Vasylivna Dupak, Iryna Alexandrovna Krasiuk Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 25 jul 2021 17:16:29 -0300 The policy of quality assurance of university e-education in Europe and Latin America <p>The relevance of the study arises from the contradiction between the rapid development of e-education in different regions of the world, on the one hand, and the insufficient level of adaptation of the quality assessment mechanisms in the field of e-education in certain regions, on the other hand. This article examines and analyzes the international experience of quality assurance of higher education in the format of e-learning in Europe and Latin America. The article identifies the approaches to quality assurance of e-learning in the field of higher education in Europe and Latin America. The study is aimed at analyzing the policy of quality assurance of university e-education in the field of higher education in Europe and Latin America. The analysis of the activities of European and Latin American quality assurance organizations in the field of e-learning has shown that in the context of higher education in Europe and Latin America external quality assurance agencies play an important role in the institutional processes of ensuring the quality of university e-education. The development of a quality assurance system is an important part of the internationalization of educational programs in general and e-learning in particular since it is open and dynamic. The assessment of the quality of education is not simple; it is an important problem for the related organizations.</p> Oleg Mikhailovich Tolmachev, Leonid Lvovich Starodumov, Natalya Mikhailovna Nesova, Natalia Dmitrievna Kotovchikhina, Ramazan Magomedovich Magomedov Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação seg, 26 jul 2021 13:14:12 -0300 The impact of visualization tools in distance english language learning: the experience of the russian university teachers <p>The article is aimed at a detailed examination of the prerequisites for the introduction of visual content into the educational process in the foreign language course during distance learning and at defining a list of prerequisites for its successful processing by students. The article proves that the search for new trends and approaches to education leads to new goals and new types of knowledge. All innovations in higher education contribute to the formation of a new image of future professionals. The relevance of the problems of higher education technologization is associated with the countless number of innovations, among which the authors single out the visualization of educational information in distance learning. The article shows the importance of visualization in distance education. The given technology includes both visual presentations of information and the development of visual thinking during the educational process. Educational material and an effective visual teaching method allow making the educational process interesting and non-standard and increasing students’ motivation to learn English. Thus, the visualization of educational information is a tool for distance learning technology. The article identifies the preferable visualization tools based on the survey of students based on the results of the use of visualization in distance English language learning. According to the summary of the results of distance English language learning, it is proposed to divide the visualization process into several stages.</p> Tatyana Ilinichna Golubeva, Elena Vladimirovna Skudnyakova, Natalia Nikolaevna Kasatkina, Svetlana Vladimirovna Dandanova, Oxana Innokentyevna Dagbaeva Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação seg, 26 jul 2021 15:33:09 -0300 Forming a culture of interpersonal relationships of senior preschoolers by means of art and play activities <p>The article is concerned with an urgent issue of art pedagogy, namely, the socialization and aesthetic development of senior preschoolers through group play activities. The authors of the article have highlighted the importance of individual and personal characteristics of children of this age when they are involved in joint creative activity and group interaction. Particular attention is paid to the culture of communication and interaction of senior preschoolers with their peers and teachers. At the same time, the study covers the issues of realizing the creative potential of senior preschoolers through art and games. A separate direction of this pedagogical research of senior preschoolers is the comprehensive personal diagnostics of such children and the corresponding typology of their personality. Based on the characteristics of each type of child, the authors have proposed the main pedagogical strategies for the formation of a culture of interpersonal relationships that can be used in various programs of aesthetic education and development of senior preschoolers. The article also highlights the corresponding typology of educational games assessed as a condition for forming scientifically grounded technologies of psychological, spiritual and moral development of senior preschoolers. The study might be of interest to a wide range of specialists.</p> Natalia Sergeevna Yushchenko, Elena Borisovna Pokivaylova, Lena Igorevna Cheshenko, Olga Victorovna Ershova, Vladimir Manuilov Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 27 jul 2021 15:30:04 -0300 Intellectual property policy of universities: specific regulation <p>This article considers the formation and implementation of a policy in relation to intellectual property in the activities of a higher education institution. Nowadays the creation, protection and commercialization of intellectual property objects are especially relevant for universities. The comprehensive solution of such issues stipulates the need for the development, adoption and implementation of university policies in relation to intellectual property objects as local regulatory acts. This study aims at analyzing intellectual property management policies in higher education institutions. The authors of the article have highlighted the key aspects of an intellectual property object as an object of management. To prove the relationship between intellectual property law and regulation that allows a university to own and freely dispose of its intangible assets, the article dwells on the best practices of European and US universities in terms of issuing local legal acts. The authors have concluded that it is inexpedient to copy the US university policy in Russia due to different approaches to intellectual property. They have developed the concept of strategic management of intellectual property based on the national legislation on the protection and disposal of intellectual property and local regulations of higher education institutions.</p> Alexander Evgenievich Suglobov, Katerina Sergeevna Orlova, Alexander Konstantinovich Kalliopin, Petr Katys, Aleksey Valeryevich Novikov Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sex, 30 jul 2021 17:32:42 -0300 Impact of professional self-improvement on the effectiveness of teachers in distance education <p>Distance education requires the teacher to conduct systematic classes with the student, methodologically competent use the developed content for distance learning, means of communication, and educational resources of the Internet, as well as implement technical support for the educational process. The purpose of the study is to develop educational and methodological support for the process of professional self-improvement of teachers in higher education institutions when working remotely. The study analyzes the role of a teacher in the distance learning system, identifies the types of teacher’s activities, as well as the requirements and conditions for their successful work. Working online expands and renews the teacher’s role, makes them a mentor-consultant who coordinates the cognitive process, constantly improving their course and increasing creativity and qualifications in accordance with innovations. Based on empirical research using the survey method, the dynamics of teachers’ readiness to work online before and after passing the interdisciplinary course “Distance Education Technologies in the Educational Process of the University” were determined. Positive results in the formation of teachers’ readiness to work online after completing the course were obtained. The study concluded that the readiness of teachers to work remotely can be increased if the appropriate educational and methodological support is developed and implemented in higher education institutions, which will lead to an increase in the effectiveness of teachers’ work.</p> Marina Nikolaevna Vrazhnova, Mark Socratovich Anastasov, Galina Yurievna Nikiporets-Takigawa Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sex, 30 jul 2021 18:12:25 -0300 Professional training of pianists in Chinese colleges: the specifics of work on a musical piece <p>The article reveals the methodological features of professional training of pianists in music colleges in China and identifies the specifics of the work of teachers and students on a musical piece. Work on a piece of music is associated with certain difficulties and involves several stages – from reciting from paper to completion in the form of an exam or a concert performance. The final stage can be considered endless; there are no limits to perfection especially when it comes to the learning process. In Chinese music colleges, great attention is paid to students’ mastery of not only rich basic knowledge about music but also solid musical performance skills in accordance with the practice-oriented approach. Work on a musical piece is necessarily divided into several stages at each of which the process of musical training is focused on the repetition of technical exercises and rote memorization. From the point of Western pedagogs, such an approach to training is considered unproductive. However, it corresponds to such national character traits of Chinese people as diligence, hard work, and perseverance. The article explores the effective methods of training ensuring high results in the professional training of pianists in Chinese colleges.</p> Chen Qiuyue Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sex, 30 jul 2021 18:53:56 -0300 Open education courses as a relevant environment for improving professional competencies of teachers <p>The authors explore the problem of developing an open education course "In search of the national Russian code: educational routes" in this article. The modern approaches to the organization of lifelong postgraduate education are associated with distance technologies. The MOOC development technology for the RFL teachers is described in the article: disciplines of six modules have been formed, aimed at improving the methodological, linguocultural, linguistic, and professional communicative competencies, based on the study of the results of the questionnaire survey of future students of the courses, as well as the decomposition of professional competence. The results of this study can be used in developing an educational environment for advanced training courses.</p> Elena Markovna Dzyuba, Victoria Trofimovna Zakharova, Anna Leonidovna Latukhina, Tatyana Nikolaevna Sheveleva Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 31 jul 2021 10:34:55 -0300 Transformation of university teachers’ working and employment conditions in the period of distance learning: socio-psychological aspects and risk assessment <p>The forced transition to distance learning during the pandemic has determined the development of new models of university teachers’ professional activity. The results of the “first wave” show that the community of teachers was not prepared for distance learning not only due to the lack of necessary competencies and skills of working in the online environment but also psychologically. In particular, the psychological unpreparedness of teachers for the transition from traditional formats of interaction to the remote ones, the collapse of the familiar “live” models of communication with students and colleagues turned up to be a major difficulty. Based on the results of research, the key problems of the organization of teachers’ remote work are determined and the socio-psychological consequences of remote employment are revealed. The main groups of risks faced by teachers due to the forced transition to remote employment are also identified. The impact of remote formats on the professional activities of teachers cannot be assessed unequivocally. On the one hand, in the time of remote work, teachers have developed new skills and competencies, mastered innovative online technologies, managed to overcome numerous psychological struggles, etc. On the other hand, teachers are aware that the necessary process of transformation of education will not only substantially change their professional activity but will also lead to the emergence of fundamentally new social roles and models of professional behavior. There is a growing sense of unease and confusion in the teaching community and negative expectations associated with uncertainty in the professional labor market are developing.</p> Irina Yurievna Ilina, Natalya Vladimirovna Buley, Tatiana Sergeevna Demchenko, Elena Vasilevna Povorina, Irina Gennadevna Shadskaja Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 31 jul 2021 11:17:49 -0300 Digital educational environment as a factor of developing teacher’s professional reflection <p>The article explores the problem of teachers’ reflexivity, its influence on the educational process and the specifics of teachers’ professional activity. The research purpose is a theoretical and empirical study of teachers’ reflexivity and its developmental specifics. The main forms of reflexivity development are lecturing, training, analysis, self-analysis and testing. To improve the personality traits which are important for reflexivity development (self-awareness, communication skills, empathy, identification of professional and personal value guidelines, etc.), a teacher may also use different games and tasks, along with various methods of analyzing the lessons and his/her own contribution to them. All these resources should be included in the annual plan of an educational organization. The results of the study allow concluding about the effectiveness of the declared measures for teachers’ reflexivity development. Within the changing domestic education system, one of the key challenges is training teachers who meet the requirements of the modern professional standard. A possible solution to this problem can be systematic work in an educational organization to improve the teacher’s underdeveloped qualities. One of these characteristics, which can influence the improvement of the teacher’s professionalism and ensure the compliance with the professional standard, is reflexivity. Along with the fact that reflexivity is among the most important components of the pedagogical activity, it is necessary to recognize the poor criterial basis for the professional reflexivity of teachers working in educational organizations, namely the applied aspects of its development within teachers’ methodological activity.</p> Anna Konstantinovna Oreshkina, Dmitry Vladimirovich Lukashenko, Ivan Sergeyevich Samokhin, Marina Georgiyevna Sergeeva Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 31 jul 2021 11:53:24 -0300 Analysis of empathetic tendencies and conflict management strategies of teachers working abroad <p>In this research, empathetic tendencies and conflict management strategies of teachers that were appointed by the Ministerial Common Culture Commission to work in the Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic (TRNC) while still working in schools governed by the Republic of Turkey Ministry of National Education within the scope of overseas assignments were investigated according to various different variables. The universe of this research consists of 189 teachers working in different levels and types of schools in the TRNC. In the study, no sample selection was made, but rather it was aimed to reach the entire universe. This research is a descriptive quantitative study that has been studied with the relational scanning model. “Empathetic Tendency Scale” and “Conflict Management Strategies Scale” were used as data collection tools in the study. The research data were analyzed with SPSS Statistics 24 program, t test; One Way Analysis of Variance, Tukey HSD and Pearson Correlation were applied. In the analysis of the data, the significance level was determined as .05. As a result of the research, it was determined that there is a significant difference in favor of women in terms of the gender variable in the empathetic tendency levels of the teachers working abroad. It was found that there is a significant difference in favor of teachers aged 41 and over in the compliance strategy among the conflict management strategies used by teachers. In addition, it was found that the teachers who participated in the research used the strategy of integration the most and the avoidance strategy the least; it was found that there was a significant relationship between teachers' empathetic tendencies and strategies of integration, compromise, compliance, and domination.</p> Perihan Mafratoğlu, Münevver Yalçinkaya Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 31 jul 2021 17:41:10 -0300 Neurociencias y educación en la escuela: del capital mental y la educación emocional a la enseñanza <p><strong>Resumo:</strong> Este artigo busca investigar os discursos contemporâneos em torno das práticas corporais no campo das neurociências para estabelecer seus efeitos no ensino. Por sua vez, serão propostas algumas linhas de análise em torno dos efeitos no Ensino da irrupção das Neurociências no campo educacional que permitem a elaboração de uma teoria da Educação Física que torna inoperáveis ​​as determinações substancialistas das neurociências, e opera o ensino. / possibilitando novos "usos do corpo".</p> A. Liliana Rocha Bidegain, Mariano Adorni Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação seg, 09 ago 2021 15:42:05 -0300 Analysing EMI assessment in higher education <p>Este artigo de pesquisa revela as práticas atuais de avaliação de professores <em>English as a Medium of Instruction</em> (EMI) em uma universidade privada de médio porte (ou seja, 12.000 estudantes) em Madri, Espanha. A pesquisa visa analisar como é feita a avaliação EMI; quais são as ferramentas de avaliação mais utilizadas pelos professores EMI; e o papel do inglês como língua estrangeira no ensino EMI. Além disso, esta é uma pesquisa de abordagem mista onde os dados foram obtidos através de duas ferramentas: um questionário (Otto, 2018) e dois grupos de foco. Em resumo, o estudo verifica claramente que os professores de IME não são suficientemente treinados em termos de ensino de IME em geral, e de avaliação de IME, em particular. Não há diferenças significativas entre as ferramentas de avaliação EMI e não EMI, além do fato de que a avaliação sumativa prevalece sobre a avaliação formativa. Após a coleta de provas empíricas, é apresentado um conjunto final de recomendações sobre as práticas de avaliação do IME.</p> Ana Otto, José Luis Estrada Chichón Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação seg, 09 ago 2021 16:11:00 -0300 Territorial features of the development of higher education in Russia <p>The purpose of our study was to evaluate the indicators characterizing the presence of higher education organizations in the regions of Russia, as well as the proportion of students in the total population of each of the regions. The study used as initial information official statistical data on the development of higher education in 82 regions of Russia in 2020, as well as information on the population in each of the regions. We have developed econometric models that describe the distribution of access to higher education in the regions. The study allowed us to estimate the number of higher education organizations per one million residents and the share of students in the population of the regions. The regions with the maximum and minimum values of the considered indicators were identified. It is shown that higher education has received significant development in Russia.</p> Iuliia S. Pinkovetskaia Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 14 ago 2021 11:26:16 -0300 Education in the pandemic: questions about teaching work, curriculum and remote teaching <p>Este trabalho apresenta problematizações no campo da formação docente no contexto da pandemia da COVID-19. Para tanto, estrutura-se em três tópicos que abordam trabalho docente, currículo e ensino remoto. Tomamos como mote para a escrita deste texto, a nossa participação em eventos denominados de Jornada Pedagógica, quando confrontamos leituras e as experiências pelos docentes participantes desses eventos. Enfatiza-se a necessidade de se apropriar das noções de formação humana, trabalho e ensino remoto para que o evento da pandemia seja reconhecido como contexto determinante para a oferta da educação em formato nas circunstâncias pelo distanciamento físico. Como alternativas para o enfrentamento desse cenário, abordando-se as possibilidades do ensino remoto e da formação, tanto sob o enquadre do estudante, como do docente, ressaltando as condições materiais para a sua oferta pelos órgãos gestores da educação. Reunimos orientações para corroborar que, o direito à educação na pandemia é dependente da inclusão sociodigital e do planejamento pedagógico que se orienta pela adoção do ensino remoto em regime colaborativo para tomada de decisão.</p> Claudio Pinto Nunes, Daniele Farias Freire Raic, Ester Maria de Figueiredo Souza Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação seg, 09 ago 2021 15:26:57 -0300 Ubiquity of cyberchondria among Teachers: the case of basic and higher education institution (HEI) Teachers in Southern Philippines <p>A internet é uma fonte potencial de informação médica. No entanto, também pode ser uma fonte de aumento da ansiedade e angústia entre as pessoas.Essa ansiedade devido ao excesso de busca de informações médicas online é conhecida como cybercondria.Mesmo antes da pandemia global COVID-19, pesquisas sugerem que o desempenho e a produtividade dos professores também podem ser influenciados negativamente pelo estresse e ansiedade.Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar as construções cibernéticas entre professores das instituições de ensino fundamental e superior da cidade de Cagayan de Oro utilizando a Escala de Gravidade de Cybercondria (CSS-15). Os dados são coletados entre os 143 professores-entrevistados de ensino fundamental e superior e os resultados revelaram que a maioria deles é afetada com a compulsão (81,81%), angústia (93,71%), excesso (98,6%) e tranquilidade (90,91%) construções de cibercondria com construção de excesso sendo severamente afetada.Há apenas 28,67% dos professores-entrevistados que são afetados pela desconfiança de um profissional médico. Uma análise posterior mostrou que os construtos da cibercondria são independentes e os professores das instituições de ensino básico e superior compartilhavam o mesmo nível de cibercondria. Assim, pode-se concluir que há uma alta prevalência de cibercondria entre os professores e recomenda-se que intervenções estratégicas e medidas precisam ser projetadas e implementadas pelos gestores escolares para preservar o bem-estar dos professores e promover o desempenho positivo do ensino e os resultados de aprendizagem dos alunos.</p> Dennis Balanay Roble, Laila Salvaña Lomibao, Maria Virginia Jones Valdez Maglipong Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 14 ago 2021 11:41:23 -0300 What are the assessment instruments chosen by elementary school Teachers and what are the reasons to choose them? <p>Para compreender a escolha dos instrumentos de avaliação da aprendizagem pelos professores no Ensino Fundamental I, realizou-se uma pesquisa de campo em duas escolas da rede municipal de Aracaju/SE. Após uma análise do projeto político pedagógico de cada escola, verificou-se a percepção e a opinião dos professores por meio de questionários e entrevistas abertas com grupos focais, assim como entrevistas semiestruturadas com a gestão e a coordenação pedagógica. Constatamos que os instrumentos de avaliação da produção escrita do aluno predominam na prática pedagógica. Acordos internos na escola, o número de alunos por turma, a escassez de tempo do professor e seu conhecimento limitado sobre instrumentos da avaliação, foram argumentos alegados pelos participantes.</p> Heike Schmitz, Themyres Gabriele Santos Almeida, Beatriz Noia Souza Souza Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 17 ago 2021 13:09:44 -0300 Notes on education in pandemic times and remote work: what place do we speak about? <p>Neste artigo produzimos reflexões sobre o momento atual que a humanidade enfrenta diante da ameaça provocada pela Covid 19, especificamente para o campo da educação, considerando a necessidade do isolamento social e as reais consequências no trabalho do professor, visto que a interação com o aluno é essencial nesse processo de ensinar-aprender. Para nossa compreensão utilizamos entrevistas, artigos de periódicos, lives como suportes para identificar os impactos provocados pela pandemia bem como possíveis alternativas a serem adotadas no pós-pandemia, gerando, assim, uma compreensão desse cenário e a possibilidade da educação reencontrar o seu lugar. Nossa intenção não é apresentar soluções, mas compreender os acontecimentos e construir saídas alternativas. Este artigo revelou que apesar de todos os problemas enfrentados, nesse momento, nos fortalecemos para um novo modelo educacional e uma nova sociedade que surgirão a partir desse contexto.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Denise Aparecida Brito Barreto, Neide Cavalcante Guedes Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 17 ago 2021 13:19:21 -0300 Continuous training in school and the manager's role in the construction of critical collaboration spaces <p>Este artigo aborda a importância da formação contínua de professores e coordenadores pedagógicos, tomando como referencial a proposta crítico- colaborativa, por meio das experiências vivenciadas por pesquisadoras nas redes privada e municipal de São Paulo e do relato de pesquisa do Mestrado Profissional em Educação. Tomamos como objetivo compreender a importância do papel do gestor-formador na formação contínua de professores e coordenadores pedagógicos. Os estudos estão baseados nos conceitos centrais da Teoria da Atividade Sócio-Histórico-Cultural e da formação contínua sob a perspectiva crítico-colaborativa.&nbsp; As ações das pesquisadoras foram realizadas por meio da metodologia da Pesquisa Crítica de Colaboração, pensando a transformação intencional de contextos e dos participantes. A coleta e a produção de dados ocorreram por meio da observação participante das pesquisadoras durante o processo formativo. Os resultados apontam para a importância da promoção do processo crítico-colaborativo em espaço privilegiado na formação contínua para articular ações de transformação da prática.</p> Sandra Santella de Sousa, Cristina Rosa David Pereira da Silva, Fernanda Coelho Liberali Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qui, 19 ago 2021 10:44:43 -0300 Preparing personnel for a successful perception and assembly of the course of mathematics at the technical university <p>Scientific and technological progress, digitalization of the economy, as well as all other spheres of human life, require qualified personnel. Technology, however, simplifies everyday life and gives students plenty of opportunities to enroll in college and not study at all. This study's main purpose is to investigate this paradox, instill in student's love, positive motivation to study mathematics, and encourage them to complete their learning tasks. The research method is a survey of first-year students of the fields of study "Oil and Gas Business" and "Technosphere Safety" of Tyumen Industrial University to identify the motivation for their study of the university mathematics program. It was found that at the moment, it is easier for students to find a calculating job than to do it themselves, that the perception of mathematics as a subject in the first year affects not only further academic performance in the university but also the entire professional life of a person. To solve the problem of motivating first-year students to study mathematics, as we have found out, it is possible if: use the "first type" of motivation, which consists in the fact that is influencing the student, cause certain internal motives prompting to study mathematics; take into account the age and individual characteristics of students and each new stream in general.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lubov K. Ilyashenko, Dmitriy A. Belov Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 25 ago 2021 17:06:07 -0300 Um One day of work of the Teacher of Chemistry: narratives of college students about teaching activity <p>The aim of this study was to investigate the process of teaching learning, priorities, desires and difficulties experienced by academics in Chemistry, when describing a day of class as a high school teacher. For this, on the first day of class of the Supervised Internship, of the Chemistry Degree course, academics were asked to produce a narrative text imagining what a working day as a Chemistry teacher would be like. This activity gave rise to 15 narratives, which were analyzed based on content analysis. Such an analytical procedure allowed the identification of two main categories, which were divided into subcategories. To discuss the results, the first category was selected: Image of a Chemistry teacher, which encompasses ideas about different methodologies, planning and time control, interpersonal relationships between teacher and student and between students, the profession as a job exhaustive and the teacher's clothes. In view of the results, it was possible to highlight multiple aspects as constituents of the teaching work, which highlights the need to expand the discussions held in the initial training courses, in addition to aspects related to disciplinary and didactic-pedagogical content.</p> Rosana Franzen Leite, Fabiele Cristiane Dias Broietti, Viviane Arrigo Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 21 ago 2021 15:43:22 -0300 Career and salary of a university teacher: personnel policy regulation in Russia <p>The present article explores the problems of personnel policy in the higher education system concerning the incentive role of remuneration and career development opportunities. At present, due to several major socio-economic changes, a transformation of labor relations in the system of higher education is taking place. As a result, new approaches to both the management of educational institutions and the selection of university faculty and the remuneration and career development of teachers are required. The goal of the study is to analyze individual modern trends in the development of incentive methods in higher education as a feature of personnel policy. The article demonstrates that as a consequence of the economic transformations, changes requiring an increase in the quality of graduates are occurring in university management which inevitably influences the expansion of the professional requirements for teaching staff. It is established that in modern conditions, external control is replaced by internal one, academic freedoms are displaced by the administration, and academic standards are modified and replaced by formal rules. This process is accompanied by considerable changes in the university personnel policy and the relationships between the administration and teachers. Various examples of human resources policy organizations adopted in different countries are studied. The features of labor contracts with teachers, the conditions of their work, and career opportunities are investigated. Special attention is paid to various approaches to stimulating teaching activity. The shortcomings that do not allow achieving a higher quality of higher education in Russia are identified. Proposals for improving personnel policy in higher education aimed at improving its quality are presented.</p> Elena Ivanovna Kuznetsova, Dmitry Vladimirovich Dianov, Umeda Akparovna Ovezova, Alexey Viktorovich Suslov, Tatiana Sergeevna Markova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 24 ago 2021 21:05:43 -0300 Popular Education as a collective practice of insurgency and emancipation <p>This article investigates the original meanings of the term popular education in Latin America, whose polysemy acquired along the historical process imposes inaccuracies and obstacles to the educational debate. The guiding thread of the article is an interview with Carlos Rodrigues Brandão, for whom popular education is the work and militancy of a “thinking community”, which aims at a revolutionary process, whose liberation is the first matter of an education that is not characterized only by addressing the popular class. The origin of this tradition in the context of the 1960s, first in the effervescence of Latin American popular movements and revolutions, and then organized as resistance and fight against dictatorships, places this popular education as an insurgent practice, of organization and confrontation against the State. The text is one of the results of a research carried out through historiographic and bibliographic study, as well as interviews and conversations conducted with popular educators.</p> Ian Gabriel Couto Schlindwein , Carolina de Roig Catini Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 24 ago 2021 12:31:25 -0300 Methodology in chemistry teaching: towards practical class organization in higher school <p>This study aims to investigate the problem of organizing practical classes in the disciplines of the natural science cycle at the oil and gas university. One of the unsolved issues is the problem of improving the content of the methodological preparation for conducting the course "Oil and Gas Chemistry" in higher education. It is reported that the logic of delivering the lectures and classes should correspond to the logic of students' assimilation of the subject matter, the formation of skills and abilities, motivation and stimulation of learning, and other components of the pedagogical process. It is spoken in detail about the theoretical prerequisites for developing a methodology for organizing a lesson in teaching the discipline "Oil and Gas Chemistry" on the basis of psychological and pedagogical laws of the algorithmic scheme for constructing a classical lesson in the natural science cycle. The quality assessment of the methodology of structuring the practical lesson proposed by the author was carried out according to the average value of the coefficients Kt or Kp; there was a significant increase, which indicates the effectiveness of the methodology proposed by the author.</p> Olga L. Shepelyuk Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 25 ago 2021 21:08:31 -0300 Considerations and inquiries about the dynamics of the Brazilian state facing the demands of schooling: instruments, dilemmas and complexity <p>The aim of this study is to understand issues of public policy, government and governance in relation to Education in Brazil, making use, for this analysis, of an understanding of evaluative and managerial instruments, in addition to public policies aimed at school education, to understand the scenario built in national education. Under the guise of cognitive analysis of public policies and their foundations, the state of the art is mobilized to better understand and analyze the guiding concepts of this work, which also considers theories about a change in the bias of bureaucracy and its role in the state. In the end, it is noted that the actions of the Brazilian government, in line with international pressure and evaluation mechanisms, assume an interventionist and inefficient character, which places the equitable democratization of education, advocated in the 1988 Constitution, as a challenge yet to be reached and with many obstacles along the way.</p> Sebastião de Souza Lemes Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 24 ago 2021 14:04:34 -0300 Competitive personalities of students - future engineers of the oil and gas industry <p>The goal of students' professional training in the oil and gas field is to form a competitive, highly qualified graduate. This article describes the criteria and requirements necessary for the formation of a competitive specialist in the oil and gas industry, namely, a future engineer, and emerging issues and problems faced by both university teachers and students. This work was carried out based on the analysis of scientific literature, which described the research of scientists on the competitiveness of graduates of technical universities in current conditions, as well as on the analysis of the results of the implementation of pedagogical conditions for the development of the qualities of a competitive personality of students. The implementation of the conditions proposed within the framework of this work contributes to the training of a highly qualified specialist who is ready to "survive" in modern conditions of competition.</p> Natalia V. Kamenez, Ekaterina A. Semenova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 25 ago 2021 23:18:08 -0300 Proposals for follow-up of graduates in the institutional development plans of federal universities <p>Universities fulfill the mission of carrying out teaching, research and extension based on a recognition of education as an instrument of social transformation. In this sense, public institutions are being increasingly charged for the efficiency and effectiveness of their actions. From this context, evaluation mechanisms emerge to measure effectiveness and assign concepts to Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). From the recognition of the instruments that recommend the institutional evaluation in Brazil, the mention of the planning actions, the Institutional Development Plan (PDI) becomes strategic, and in this it is observed as an indicator to be inserted, the accompaniment of graduates of undergraduate and postgraduate courses. The objective of the research is to identify the actions and goals foreseen in the IDPs of Brazilian federal universities in the Southeast region to follow up their graduates. The development of this work was through the qualitative approach with documentary research, by searching the university websites for the available institutional information. The results point to two distinct contexts, in which most of the researched institutions inserted in their macro-document the theme, one group aims to implement the policy and another group intends to advance to other follow-up stages, since it is a policy already institutionalized.</p> Kellcia Rezende Souza, Lausemar Freitas Sobrinho Freire Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 24 ago 2021 14:27:49 -0300 The three pillars of bilingual physical education <p>Esse artigo é uma revisão bibliográfica com objetivo de caracterizar a educação física bilíngue, para em seguida apresentar e discutir o maior desafio da disciplina que é manter o equilíbrio dos objetivos e demandas da educação física junto com o processo de aquisição de uma nova língua, e após isso criar conceitos para como alcançar tal equilíbrio. Este equilíbrio proposto para a disciplina é algo complexo e ao mesmo tempo sutil, foi analisado um artigo específico que busca concentrar todas as dificuldades da educação física bilíngue em dois dilemas, e com base nesta análise é proposto o conceito dos “três pilares da educação física bilíngue”. O conceito dos três pilares representa de forma integral e objetiva todas as demandas que professor precisa levar em consideração para ministrar uma aula de educação física bilíngue ideal. O primeiro pilar representa a educação física, e todas as suas demandas. O segundo pilar consiste no processo de aquisição de uma nova língua. Por fim o terceiro pilar representa a otimização de tempo, que o professor necessita fazer para adequar as novas demandas dentro das aulas, onde com esses pilares foi apresentado erros mais comuns que acontecem na busca da educação física bilíngue eficiente. Foi concluído que para se obter uma educação física bilíngue eficiente existe a necessidade do equilíbrio dos objetivos da educação física mesclados com a aquisição do processo de uma nova língua, por meio do conceito dos três pilares.</p> Antonio Muller, Cesar Conceição Rodrigues Júnior Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 24 ago 2021 14:40:46 -0300 Technology of Using Linguistic Markers in the Process of Art Therapy Training <p>The article examines the issues of students’ reflexivity, the impact of the reflexivity on the educational process and psychological health, the importance of its development. The purpose of the article is the theoretical and empirical study of students’ reflexivity through its expression in various linguistic markers, the importance of reflexivity in the personal and potential professional development of students. The research methodology and its algorithm were selected due to the purpose of the study. Experimental work included a complex psychological and pedagogical experiment, diagnosing the stated parameters and their subsequent statistical analysis. The study of students’ reflexivity was carried out on the basis of the Institute of Foreign Languages of the Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education “The Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia ”(RUDN). Research sampling: reports (essays) of the 1-4 year students. The target group consisted of 98 students, divided into seven subgroups. The results of the study allowed us to conclude that there is a significant interdependence between linguistic markers and students’ reflexivity. Psychological health is a necessary and important condition for the full development of a personality. On the one hand, it ensures the adequate fulfillment of social roles, on the other hand, it creates the possibility of continuous personal and professional development throughout life. Supporting psychological health is one of the urgent tasks in the young age, the most important stage in the formation of a personality. Reflexivity of students, appearing in the process of consulting or training work, manifests itself, first of all, in speech processes. Group reflexivity, in turn, is the main method of psychological training, since it helps to comprehend and integrate the ongoing experience.</p> Marina Georgiyevna Sergeeva, Andrei Anatolievich Kochin, Dmitry Vladimirovich Lukashenko, Ekaterina Vladislavovna Kozhina Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 24 ago 2021 15:40:46 -0300 Role orientations in university and school student youth (based on a sociological study) <p>The present study examines social roles as a category of sociological science, as well as their role, content, and place in the inner world of a person. Civilizational and cultural changes and changes in social systems including the status and structural alterations lead to modifications in the paradigm of a “social role” and the content of role behavior. The emergence of new phenomena in individuals’ role preferences is to a certain extent determined by the development of the innovation and information space of modern society. This effect is most prominent among young people characterized by a positive attitude to various social changes. Sociological studies conducted among students and pupils in grades 10-11 show the degree of young people’s involvement in specific social roles and the nature of the priority of their choice. The conducted comparative analysis shows the peculiarities of role structure in each group of young people and allows determining the relationship between social statuses and role preferences. Young people’s assessment of the influence of market relations on their role preferences is examined and the peculiarities of this influence are emphasized. Young people’s understanding of the functions of the state in modern Russian society in shaping social roles, as well as their attitude to moral norms and social and legal laws are highlighted. The study proposes a typology of life roles of school students in grades 10-11 and university students.</p> Vasiliy Nikolaevich Stegniy, Lyudmila Nikolaevna Kurbatova, Konstantin Anatolievich Antipyev, Milana Borisovna Kolesnichenko, Sergey Natanovich Smolnikov Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação ter, 24 ago 2021 19:25:21 -0300 Assessing the student academic workload in the learning process of a technical university <p>The article deals with an assessment of the students' workload influence on the academic progress in a technical university. This study was carried out at Tyumen Industrial University, the Branch of IUT in Surgut. The research participants were the first-year students of full-time and part-time departments of the "Oil and Gas Business" direction. The research was done in 2017-2018. Much attention is given to some of the consequences that first-year students have: neuropsychic stress, declining academic progress, and the quality of education. There are reasons for such a state: lack of time, a large amount of information, many classroom hours, irregular distribution of the students' workload intensity of academic disciplines in the first semester, etc. The research gives valuable information on the necessity to improve the system of students' organizational and educational activities, depending on the specific features of a technical university. This study contributes to the existing research on the impact of academic workload on the students' emotional, mental state in higher education. Specifically, it studies the volume of the freshmen's academic workload in accordance with the curriculum, which is one of the main negative factors affecting the level of mental students' performance.</p> Aygul Z. Ibatova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 25 ago 2021 16:14:55 -0300 Assessing the effects of the modular approach in math learning on independent creativity of university students <p>Numerous teachers and researchers are studying the issue of improving the effectiveness of university education and offer innovative technologies to address this challenge. Modular learning is among the most relevant and productive teaching techniques. The paper examines how the modular approach in math learning contributes to the development of independent creativity of university students. The testing was performed at Tyumen Industrial University (Russia) among students of the Applied Geology program numbering 28 individuals in the control group and 27 individuals in the experimental group. The students were given a series of lectures to present new material that was later assimilated and reinforced during practical sessions through blocks and chains of preparatory and auxiliary tasks. To demonstrate their knowledge and grasping of the material, the students passed individual tests and exams. Statistical data were processed using Pearson’s chi-squared test and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Based on the decision-making rule, the research confirms the hypothesis that the modular approach is more effective in forming students’ independent creativity in math learning if compared with conventional education. The research results demonstrate that 92% of students in the experimental group set about solving advanced math problems, while in the control group this share was 61%. The share of students in the experimental group who prepared research projects increased from 52% to 89%, while in the control group their number decreased from 56% to 43%. Among the avenues for further research is an attempt to implement applied research projects not only in math learning, but also in applied subjects of study throughout the entire training period. The development of independent creativity of university students is expected to have a positive effect on their ability to absorb the material of other courses.</p> Elena Zubova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação sáb, 28 ago 2021 00:00:00 -0300 On the experience of health professionals’ information competence formation in the framework of continuing professional education <p>Immediacy of such a problem as health professionals’ information competence formation is due to the necessity of continuing improvement of pedagogical approaches, methods and technologies of educating medical staff how to use information technologies in their professional activity to provide for their correspondence to the stable and outrunning level of society development in the process of education and healthcare digital transformation. The article aims at the formation of methodological approaches to the pedagogical process studying the use of information technologies in the framework of post-graduate continuing education of health professionals taking into account their professional requirements and work specifics. The leading method of the problem study is the method of involved observation that enabled to make authentic comparison and analyze inquiries of 349 professionals attending the courses of continuing education. The article shows that the applied pedagogical approaches and methods have to correspond to the modern level of information technologies and digital education development, characterized by qualitative changes in the technologies that process and transfer data and widely use the intellectual decision making systems. It states the results obtained in the practical implementation of the offered theoretical and methodological approaches to the process of health professionals’ information competence formation. This results in the developed complex of methodological approaches to teaching information technologies at the general scientific, specific scientific and method and technological levels enabling the formation of health professionals’ information competence. The article can be useful for students and teachers of pedagogical universities, teachers of medical universities and institutions involved in health professionals’ continuing education.</p> Elena Yu. Nikitina, Larisa Yu. Ovsyanitskaya, Natalia V. Butenko, Marina V. Zhukova, Lidiya P. Rulevskaya Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 29 ago 2021 15:59:09 -0300 Social intelligence in 6-7-year-old children: features and application results of pedagogical diagnostics <p>The aim of the study is to identify the characteristics of social intelligence in children aged 6 to 7 years based on the development and application of appropriate diagnoses. Through methods of comparison, analysis, generalization, the concepts of “social intelligence of children aged 6 to 7 years”, “pedagogical diagnosis of social intelligence aged 6 to 7 years” were developed. Modeling provided the creation of the model of relationship between intelligence and social intelligence, the design made it possible to develop the diagnosis of social intelligence for children aged 6 to 7 years, and experience - its implementation. By the method of finding indicators of generalization, the results of the diagnosis of social intelligence of 110 children were selected. Analysis, interpretation and generalization allowed to identify the characteristics of this diagnosis and the characteristics of the results of its application. The concepts of "social intelligence of children aged 6 to 7 years", "pedagogical diagnoses of children aged 6 to 7 years", a model of the relationship between consciousness and social intelligence, social intelligence diagnoses of older preschoolers were developed. The characteristics of social intelligence of children aged 6 to 7 years and the corresponding diagnostic characteristics are revealed. The results of the study will allow for pedagogical work based on the characteristics.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;<em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</em></p> Irina V. Sushkova, Olesya N. Loshkareva Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 29 ago 2021 16:42:45 -0300 Model of managing the professional-educational route of a future specialist <p>The research problem is the process and result of diagnostics of targeted forming the trajectory of professional development of a personality. This problem is especially important under the modern conditions of mobility in professional sphere and the growing requirements for activity of a professional. The method of analyzing the system of professional guidance in a region enabled to reveal the main requirements and characteristics of the process of professional self-determination. As a result of the study of the theory and practice of professional guidance and professional self-determination processes, a model was elaborated for managing the professional-educational route of a future specialist. Special attention is paid to the stage of professional diagnostics and professional navigation of schoolchildren and university matriculants, based on the existing methods of professional guidance. A conclusion was made that a complex approach is needed for the processes of professional development of a personality and the support of professional development of future specialists, with a view of synchronizing the resources of regional educational establishments of various levels, consolidation of the efforts of the regional administration, employers and educational sphere of the region. The authors present a description of an electronic service “Employee Constructor”, which provides management of personal professional-educational route of a personality during growing, professional formation, professional adaptation and development, depending on the interests, abilities, individual features, competencies and experience of a particular person.</p> Alexander A. Fedorov, Elena V. Mialkina, Ekaterina P. Sedykh Sedykh, Valeriya A. Zhitkova Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 29 ago 2021 17:30:44 -0300 Transformation of educational structures: university as an entrepreneurial organization <p>The response of the higher education system to the challenges of today is the emergence and development of new forms of university activity, which more adequately correspond to modern realities. One of these forms is entrepreneurial universities. Thus, this study aims to determine the features of the transformation of universities into entrepreneurial organizations. The article reviews the scientific literature on the problem under study and presents options for defining an entrepreneurial university. Based on an expert survey, the areas of university entrepreneurial activity are determined. The authors indicate the features of entrepreneurial universities and establish and analyze methods for transforming universities in the direction of entrepreneurship. The study led to the conclusion that transformational change in universities is a prerequisite for their effective transformation into entrepreneurial universities.</p> Aida Vasiljevna Kormishova, Maria Valeryevna Maltseva, Aleksey Viktorovich Aleshkov, Aleksey Valeryevich Novikov, Diana Nikolaevna Slabkaya Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 05 set 2021 10:32:53 -0300 Problems of preparation for educational design of students of institutions of higher art education <p>In modern conditions of production development, the requirements for a young specialist in the field of higher art education are growing. The main task of higher art education is to train a competitive, mobile specialist who has a readiness for self-education throughout his life. When preparing a specialist in higher art education, it is necessary to form in him such knowledge, abilities and skills that will allow him to solve non-standard production problems, use modern technologies, independently analyze the results of his activities, and draw conclusions. Thus, a graduate of institutions of higher art education must be ready to work actively in a changing environment. Teaching focused only on memorizing the material can no longer meet modern requirements. The problem of the formation of such qualities of attention, memory and thinking that allows the student to independently assimilate information, is constantly updated, as well as the development of such abilities and skills, which, preserved even after completing education, would provide him with the opportunity to keep up with the accelerated scientific technical progress. One of the problems of modern education is that graduates experience some difficulties in applying theoretical knowledge in practice. The ability to apply the acquired knowledge, skills and abilities in professional activities cannot appear by itself, for this you need to teach. To solve this problem, it is necessary to introduce the educational design teaching method into the educational process, which today has its own characteristics and problems.</p> Yaroslav Lohinskyy, Olena Maydanets-Bargylevych, Alla Rudencenko, Volodymyr Tymenko, Yuriy Didovets Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação dom, 05 set 2021 10:52:00 -0300 Relationships at school: social representations of supervisors and teachers <p>This study discusses the relations of belonging at school between supervisors and teachers, aiming to analyze in which relational group these authors belong more strongly. The Theory of Social Representations guided the research, in view of its construction processes, anchoring and objectification, to be closely linked to belonging, making the strange, familiar. Data collection was carried out through semi-structured and in-depth interviews distributed by: Classification by Elements of Meaning, Lexical Content Analysis and Thematic Analysis. The results point out, among other factors, that the construction of representations by social groups makes the stranger known to the subjects, pointing to belonging to the group of people or to the place, in addition, belonging is in the self and the other's recognition as part of the same group, not only based on affection, but on partnership, sharing and exchange of professional knowledge.</p> Luysienne Silva de Oliveira, Maria Núbia Barbosa Bonfim Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 15 set 2021 09:51:17 -0300 The evaluation of the contents of pre-school books for 4 - 6 years according to the visual design items <p>Pre-school books are one of the indispensable materials of education life, even though technology has been developed, preschool books are still among the fundamental building blocks of education and it can be said that it will continue in the future. Preschool teachers' evaluation of 4-6 year old preschool books for Visual Design principles was aimed by pre-school teacher candidates. In the study, "Graphic / Visual Design Principles Scale for Textbooks" Alpan (2004), which is a visual design scale, was used. The scoring of the scale was calculated as 2 points for the "Yes" option, 1 point for the "Partial" option and 0 points for the "No" option. The data obtained as a result of the research were evaluated by scoring between 1-10. According to the results obtained from the results of the evaluation of the prospective teachers, it has been concluded that the books have different averages according to the scale dimensions, but are quite suitable in terms of general lines.</p> Burak Demir, Seçil Besim Ayhan, Yücehan Yücesoy, Şebnem Güldal Kan, Behçet Öznacar Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação qua, 15 set 2021 10:49:48 -0300